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Related to Trappists: Cistercian


popular name for an order of Roman Catholic monks, officially (since 1892) the Reformed CisterciansCistercians
, monks of a Roman Catholic religious order founded (1098) by St. Robert, abbot of Molesme, in Cîteaux [Cistercium], Côte-d'Or dept., France. They reacted against Cluniac departures from the Rule of St. Benedict.
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 or Cistercians of the Stricter Observance. They perpetuate the reform begun at La Trappe, Orne dept., France, by Armand de RancéRancé, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de
, 1626–1700, French religious reformer, founder of the Trappists. He was of a noble family, was well educated, and lived at court as a worldly priest.
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 (c.1660). The reformer's aim was to restore primitive Cistercian (hence also primitive Benedictine) life; actually the Trappists surpassed both St. Benedict and St. Bernard in austerity. The reform was acclaimed in the world, but many Cistercians resisted it. The whole order was affected, but some abbeys never accepted the reform as such. The life of Trappists is one of strict seclusion from the world. Working hours are devoted to common and private worship, labor (often manual), and study; there is no recreation, meat is eaten only by the sick, and silence is observed except under unusual circumstances, but not by vow. Lay brothers do much of the farming, a peculiarly Cistercian practice. In the 19th and 20th cent. the Trappists shared in the revival of monasticismmonasticism
, form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
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 and expanded greatly. There are 12 abbeys in the United States. The head of the order, the abbot general of Cîteaux, lives in Rome.


See T. Merton, The Silent Life (1957); L. J. Lekai, The Rise of the Cistercian Strict Observance in Seventeenth Century France (1968).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The fact that the brewery is privately held also allows the Trappists to ensure that any extra money goes to a charitable cause.
The two men joined the Trappists with different motives.
Thomas Merton was the Trappist monk celeb of the mid twentieth century (improbable as that sounds) who was a forerunner of all the 'let us escape to a simple life away from the distractions of the modern consumer-free world in order to save our souls' later twentieth century movements.
Of all of Belgium's myriad strong ales, perhaps the most famous internationally are those of the Trappist brewery, Chimay.
Today Trappist breweries are being reestablished for one undeniable reason: Like the rest of us, the brothers must earn a living.
dedicates his work to the six Trappists murdered in Algeria in 1996, fifty years after Charles de Foucauld died at the hands of a young tribal gunman.
Bonaventure University near Olean, N.Y., he entered the Cistercian Abbey of Gethsemani (near Louisville, Ky.), housing a contemplative Trappist order.
The Trappist monks, well-known for their jams and jellies, have boldly ventured into brewing.
While siding with PETA in this standoff, I make no judgments about the Trappists and their complicity in the horrors done to their chickens.
Good works are done there in silence by the 80 or so monks and brothers of the strict Cistercian order, usually referred to as Trappists.
Due largely to Merton--who exposed many to contemplative life through his books The Seven Storey Mountain and New Seeds of Contemplation--as well to the efforts of his brother Trappists, Thomas Keating, Basil Pennington, and William Menninger, the modern contemplative movement seeks to restore a tradition somewhat neglected in the history of Christian spirituality.
But the Trappists were faithful to their pledge that this always remains a monastery and that the graves of their departed brothers in the monastery cemetery would be reverently preserved.