Traumatic Gastritis

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gastritis, Traumatic


(also called traumatic reticulitis), an inflammation of the wall of the reticulum in ruminants with extension to the peritoneum. It occurs when sharp objects enter the reticulum with fodder. When the reticulum contracts, its walls become perforated, with consequent injury and inflammation of the folds of the peritoneum and sometimes of such adjacent organs as the diaphragm, heart, lungs, and liver. The symptoms include rejection of feed, reduction or cessation of rumination and movements of the rumen, pain in the region of the reticulum, moaning, and intermittent fever. Metal objects are found in the reticulum by means of roentgenography or with metal detectors. The objects are removed with magnetic metal retrievers (magnetic rings) or by means of surgery. Traumatic gastritis is prevented by keeping fodder, meadows, and pastures free of metal objects.


Preobrazhenskii, N. M., V. V. Poliankin, and V. R. Tarasov. Bolezni organov pishchevareniia krupnogo rogatogo skota i ikh lechenie. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical relevance: Although traumatic gastritis in pigeons has been reported, use of advanced diagnostic imaging for the pigeon of this report facilitated identification of the precise nature of the lesion and, therefore, surgical planning.
(6) Many of these clinical signs are similar to those of traumatic gastritis, gastric impaction, and egg binding.