Traverse City, city (1990 pop. 15,155), seat of Grand Traverse co., N Mich., at the head of the West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay, in a resort and cherry-growing region; inc. 1881. Tourism and food processing are major industries, and transportation equipment and consumer goods are manufactured. Protestant missionaries came to the area in 1839. The production of lumber was the major economic activity until c.1915, when the supply was depleted and farming began. Interlochen Center for the Arts and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore are nearby.