Trawler

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trawler

[′trȯ·lər]
(naval architecture)
A ship designed for catching fish with a trawl.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trawler

 

a commercial fishing vessel designed for catching fish and other marine life with a trawl and for the primary processing of the catch.

Until the mid–20th century, trawlers were built with one deck, and the trawl was lowered and hauled up from the side. Such ships were called side trawlers. Most trawlers built since the 1960’s have two decks, and the mechanisms for lowering, raising, and towing the trawl are installed at the stern; the ships are called stern trawlers. Trawlers are equipped with trawl winches; up to 4,000 m of trawl line wound around the drums of the winches makes it possible to fish at depths of up to 2 km; the power of the winch engines may reach 450 kilowatts (kW). The trawl is raised onto the ship’s stern slipway, or ramp. The processing equipment of a trawler includes machines and mechanized lines for gutting and cleaning the fish, sometimes for canning, and for the production of fish meal and oil from the wastes. The holds have refrigerators for freezing the fish and for preserving the products. Most present-day trawlers have fish-finding equipment and instruments for controlling the trawl, which makes it possible to direct the movement of the trawl in the water and to guide it toward concentrations of fish.

The largest trawlers are built (1976) in the USSR and Japan. They are 100–110 m long, with a displacement of 7,000–8,000 tons; their main engines have a power of 4.5 MW, giving them a cruising speed of more than 25 km/hr. Seiner-trawlers, which have become widespread, can catch fish both with a trawl and with a purse seine.

V. V. RANENKO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is not known whether Troughton intends to maintain that tradition tomorrow morning, though sources in Arbroath suggest a local trawlerman has received an order for 50 kippers to an address in Nottingham first thing Tuesday morning.
The waters around the disputed islands have been the scene of previous territorial spats, including the arrest of a Chinese trawlerman in late 2010 when he rammed his boat into two Japanese patrol boats.
Above and left, the search for five people missing after the Tit Bonhomme trawler struck rocks off Glendore, Cork; far left, missing trawlerman Kevin Kershaw''s mother Margaret (right of picture)
The trawlerman's son from Ipswich has just splashed out 100 million pounds on properties for his daughters Tamara, 26 and Petra, 22.
A trawlerman's village of biting winds, salty spray and fish you'll struggle to match if you scour the globe.
I also reckon one of the Bubbly boys must be a trawlerman given the amount of seafood for everyone!
During his life, Sean had brief spells as a telephone engineer, a bread delivery man, a trawlerman and a stint down Keresley pit before spending 14 years with Nuneaton and Bedworth Borough Council as caretaker of the Keresley Village Community Centre in Howat Road.
FORMER trawlerman Hermann Hreidarsson insists Portsmouth's ship is not sinking into the end-of-season sunset as they wrap up their Premier League campaign against Fulham today.
In Trawler, O'Hanlon's primary ally is Luke Bullough, a biologist from the Marine Laboratory in Aberdeen, who rashly agrees to help him don trawlerman's boots.
And OK, she does happen to be the 51-year-old daughter of a Hull trawlerman and she is said to have been reshaped by extensive plastic surgery.
A trawlerman has died while on holiday with his family in Spain.