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1. the revenues or funds of a government, private organization, or individual
2. a place where funds are kept and disbursed


(in various countries) the government department in charge of finance. In Britain the Treasury is also responsible for economic strategy



(1) A depository of money, valuables, and other material wealth of khans, tsars, grand dukes and appanage princes, and monasteries.

(2) In centralized states, the aggregate of financial resources of the state. Through the treasury, the state is legally the holder of certain property rights and interests. Socialist countries haveno need for this concept of a treasury.



in capitalist countries a special government body in charge of the cash fulfillment of the state budget. The treasury organizes the collection of such state revenues as taxes, fees, customs duties, and the proceeds from sale of state bonds; it also allocates funds to cover budget expenditures. In many instances the treasury issues paper money.

In the USA the Department of the Treasury is the ministry of finance; in France the treasury is set up as the treasury office of the Ministry of Finance, and in Great Britain it is an independent agency. In most capitalist countries, the state makes the central banks of issue responsible for the cash fulfillment of the budget. The “bank system” reduces state expenses for maintaining the treasury administration and facilitates state control over the resources of the budget.

In Russia the treasury was established after 1863 when the department of the state treasury was created within the Ministry of Finance. The treasury exercised control over the local bodies known as financial boards. All revenues collected by the treasury system were registered in one account at the state bank.

There is no treasury in the USSR. Cash fulfillment of the statebudget is accomplished by the Gosbank (State Bank) of the USSR.


References in classic literature ?
How on earth do you expect me to meet a draft of two hundred and seventy-five dollars without a dollar in the treasury, and with a debt of thirty thousand dollars staring us in the face?
It is now no longer a point of speculation and hope, that the Western territory is a mine of vast wealth to the United States; and although it is not of such a nature as to extricate them from their present distresses, or for some time to come, to yield any regular supplies for the public expenses, yet must it hereafter be able, under proper management, both to effect a gradual discharge of the domestic debt, and to furnish, for a certain period, liberal tributes to the federal treasury.
From this great treasury of waters issue forth limpid streams, which, augmenting as they descend, become main tributaries of the Missouri on the one side, and the Columbia on the other; and give rise to the Seeds-ke-dee Agie, or Green River, the great Colorado of the West, that empties its current into the Gulf of California.
It provides that he shall exercise the full authority of Warden, and shall have the disposal of the annual revenue attached to the office, until my return, or, failing that, until Bruno comes of age: and that he shall then hand over, to myself or to Bruno as the case may be, the Wardenship, the unspent revenue, and the contents of the Treasury, which are to be preserved, intact, under his guardianship.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.
Inexperienced in government, she plunged into all manner of useless expenditure, and swamped her treasury almost in a day.
Well, the treasury has just let it to Guillaume Alixandre, historian, for six hivres, eight sols, parisian, a year.
One of the visitors, usually spoken of as "a man of great merit," having described how he had that day seen Kutuzov, the newly chosen chief of the Petersburg militia, presiding over the enrollment of recruits at the Treasury, cautiously ventured to suggest that Kutuzov would be the man to satisfy all requirements.
Moreover, the City glitters with beautiful gems, which might far better be used for rings, bracelets and necklaces; and there is enough money in the King's treasury to buy every girl in our Army a dozen new gowns.
A PUBLIC Treasury, feeling Two Arms lifting out its contents, exclaimed:
You shall be supplied from the royal treasury," said Ozma.
Such was the sum which the public poured into the treasury of the Gun Club.