Trebbia


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Trebbia

(trĕb`byä), river, c.70 mi (110 km) long, rising in the Ligurian Apennines, N Italy, and flowing generally NE past Bobbio to join the Po River near Piacenza. Near that city in 218 B.C. Hannibal won a decisive victory over the Romans. In 1799 the Trebbia was the scene of a Russo-Austrian victory over the French.

Trebbia

 

a river in northern Italy; a right tributary of the Po River. The scene of two important battles.

In December 218 B.C., during the Second Punic War, a Carthaginian force, commanded by Hannibal and consisting of 10,000 cavalry and 30,000 infantry troops, engaged a Roman army of 32,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry troops, under the consul Sem-pronius Longus, on the banks of the Trebbia (Latin, Trebia). Hannibal had used his cavalry to lure the Romans into the plain of the Trebbia from their fortified camp nearby. He then routed them with attacks on the flanks and in the rear. Only 10,000 Romans managed to break through and escape.

On June 6–8 (17–19), 1799, during the Italian Campaign of Field Marshal A. V. Suvorov, a battle was fought near the Trebbia River between a combined Russian and Austrian force of about 30,000 men, under Suvorov’s command, and a French army of 33,000 to 35,000 men, under General J. Macdonald. On May 29 (June 9), Macdonald’s army had set out from the vicinity of Florence with the aim of reaching the valley of the Po via Modena and assisting General J. Moreau’s troops, who were cut off near Genoa. On June 4 (15), Suvorov, after sending a screening force against Moreau’s army, departed from Alessandria to meet Macdonald’s army. After a forced march, the Russian and Austrian troops on June 6 (17) met and repulsed the French army’s vanguard from the Tidone River to the Trebbia; on June 7–8 (18–19) they succeeded in routing the enemy’s main forces after several fierce engagements on the banks of the Trebbia. The French lost 16,000 men, compared with the allies’ loss of 6,000 men. With their victory, the allied troops strengthened their position in northern Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Io ho visto i mucchi di paglia dopo la trebbia, ho visto le ceneri dei fuochi votivi, ho visto le girandole nude dopo l'efflorescenza di pochi minuti, ho visto nei sentieri le ossa robuste e le mascelle delle carogne, ho visto l'albero lacerato dalla tempesta, le viti spampanate, le rose affrante, ho visto la brulla montagna e il carro delle immondizie l'ho visto ogni mattina girare per le vie al suono d'una sorda campana.
Salto nel vuoto (1980) and Vacanze in Val Trebbia (1980), filmed in the same period, share certain characteristics with regard to the oneiric.
Her behavior (which seems real, if unusual), coupled with the use of semi-subjective filming, ensures that she has the same kind of concrete autonomy as the apparitions in Salto nel vuoto and Vacanze in Val Trebbia. She seems real, and for a moment her presence hesitates between the realms of the fantastic and the real, but a temporal inconsistency highlighted in the following scene, where she is shown still rowing down the Tiber with her boyfriend, makes a real appearance a logical impossibility, and so the ambiguity is shorter lived than in previous films.
The cataclysms at Trasimene and Cannae were so complete as to become proverbial thereafter of the lowest point of Rome's existence; and Trebbia was no joke.(53) The great Roman hero of the Hannibalic War, Scipio (Africanus), never appears on the maps; we see his father, bested by African cavalry.
Perhaps the whole series called for more learning than spectators had, but some or all of Cannae, Trasimene, Trebbia, Metauro, Fornovo, Ravenna, and Ceresole must have been familiar enough to educated viewers to allow the designer's melancholy message to be grasped?
Sempronius Longus at the River Trebbia (December 218); ambushed and annihilated the army of G.
Contract notice: Concession of the service of coercive collection of taxes and other property revenues for the municipalities of gossolengo, gragnano trebbiense, bridge oil, rivergaro, travo and sun property revenues union of municipalities low trebbia and val luretta (pc ).
Principal battles: Jemappes (1792); Tourcoing, Hondschoote (1793); Modena, the Trebbia (1799); the Piave, Wagram (1809); Riga (1812); Lutzen, Bautzen, the Katzbach (Kocaba), Leipzig, Hanau (1813).
Principal battles: the Trebbia (218); Cannae (216); Upper Baetis (Guadalquivir) (211); Baecula (near Andujar) (208); Ilipa (north of Seville) (206).
Principal battles: the Ticinus (Ticino), the Trebia (Trebbia) (218); Ibera (215); Saguntum (Sagunto) (212); Upper Baetis (Guadalquivir) (211).
Principal battles: Kozludji (near Shumen) (1774); Kinburn (on the Dnepr estuary opposite Ochakov) (1787); Focsani, Rymnik (1789); Warsaw (1794); the Trebbia, Novi (1799).
Principal battles: Toulon (1793); Dego, Lonato (near Desanzano del Garda) (1796); Rivoli (1797); the Trebbia (1799); Montebello (near Voghera), Marengo (near Alessandria) (1800); Saalfeld, Jena, Pultusk (1806); Friedland (Pravdinsk) (1807); Somosierra (near Pradena) (1808); Medellin (near Valdivia), Talavera (Talavera de la Reina) (1809); Barrosa (near Cadiz) (1811); the Berezina (1812); Dresden, Leipzig (1813); Briennele-Chateau, La Rothiere (near Brienne), Craonne (1814).