Trekhgornaia Manufaktura Moscow Cotton Combine

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trekhgornaia Manufaktura Moscow Cotton Combine


(full name, F. E. Dzerzhinskii Trekhgornaia Manufaktura Moscow Cotton Combine; also known as Trekhgorka), one of the oldest textile manufacturing concerns in the USSR. It was founded in 1799 as the Prokhorovskaia Trekhgornaia Manufaktura.

The Trekhgorka workers were active in the revolutionary movement and often organized strikes. Trekhgorka was the main base of fighting squads during the December Uprising of 1905. A workshop for the manufacture of arms was organized on the premises of the spinning plant, and explosives were produced in the chemical laboratory. During the October days of 1917, the Trekhgorka workers fought in the center of Moscow—on Bol’shaia Dmitrovka (now Pushkin Street), at the approaches to the Metropol’ and the Kremlin, and near the Briansk (now Kiev) railroad station. A branch of the RSDLP (Bolshevik) was founded at the combine in March 1917. V. I. Lenin frequently addressed the Trekhgorka workers and was their deputy in the Moscow soviet.

The combine, which was named after F. E. Dzerzhinskii in 1936, manufactures cotton, staple, and other fabrics. The spinning and finishing plants have been modernized. Between 1940 and 1973 the production of finished fabrics increased 35 percent. The combine was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1949 and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1944.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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