Trembley, Abraham

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trembley, Abraham

 

Born Sept. 3,1710, in Geneva; died there May 12,1784. Swiss naturalist. Member of the Royal Society (1743); correspondent of the French Academy of Sciences (1749).

Trembley discovered the ability of an organism to regenerate itself completely from its sectioned parts. Cutting a hydra into several parts, he established that each part regenerates itself, growing into a complete organism. His research in regeneration was published in the work Memoirs: Toward a History of a Genus of Freshwater Polyp With Horn-shaped Arms (1744; Russian translation, 1937). This work furthered the establishment of experimental methods in biology.

REFERENCES

Kanaev, 1.1. Abraam Tramble. Leningrad, 1972.
Baker, J. R. Abraham Trembley of Geneva: Scientist and Philosopher, 1710–1784. London, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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