(redirected from Tretyakov)
Also found in: Wikipedia.



the name of a family of merchants in Russia. The Tret’iakov family was first mentioned in the 18th century. In 1774, Elisei Martynovich Tret’iakov, a merchant of the Third Guild, moved from Malyi Iaroslavets to Moscow. His descendants were merchants and manufacturers. Mikhail Zakharovich Tret’iakov (1801–50) and his sons Pavel and Sergei owned a linen-weaving and flax-spinning factory in Kostroma.

Pavel Mikhailovich Tretiakov. Born Dec. 15 (27), 1832, in Moscow; died there Dec. 4 (16), 1898. Russian art figure; founder of the Tret’iakov Gallery. Honorary free member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Art (1868); academy member (1893).

Tret’iakov shared the views of Russian enlighteners of his time. In 1856 he began collecting works of Russian art, mainly of democratic artists. He rendered considerable help to the pered-vizhniki (“the wanderers, ” a progressive art movement). Tret’iakov considered his work to be of national significance. In 1892 he presented his collection to the city of Moscow.

Sergei Mikhailovich Tret’iakov. Born Feb. 19 (Mar. 3), 1834, in Moscow; died July 25 (Aug. 6), 1892, in Petergof (present-day Petrodvorets). Collector of paintings. Figure in city administration; mayor of Moscow from 1877 to 1881.

Tret’iakov was active in the Moscow Art Society, the Moscow School of Painting, and the Russian Society of Music. In 1892 he bequeathed his collection of Western European paintings through his brother to Moscow. His collection, housed at first in the Tret’iakov Gallery, was transferred to the former Museum of Modern Western Art in 1925. It has since been divided between the Hermitage in Leningrad and the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow.


Kramskoi, I. N., and P. M. Tret’iakov. Perepiska, 1869–1887. Moscow, 1953.
Botkina, A. P. P. M. Tret’iakov v zhizni i iskusstve, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Mudrogel’, N. A. Piat’desiat vosem’ let v Tret’iakovskoi galeree:Vospominaniia, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the head of state said that the city will necessarily be a large multifunctional cultural center with branches of major Russian museums, such as the Hermitage, the Russian Museum, the Tretyakov Gallery, and a base for the training of artists and musicians.
Russia will present to the Qataripublic the best exhibits of the leading Russian museums such as fromKremlin Museum, Tretyakov Gallery and Hermitage, performances by famousdance groups (Igor Moiseev's State Ensemble of popular dance, dancegroup from Dagestan - Lezginka), Boris Eifman's famous ballet from thecultural capital of Russia - St Petersburg, the Moscow Puppet Theatre bySergey Obraztsov among others," explained Kholov.
That, suggest the organisers of 'Nekto 1917' (roughly 'Someone 1917') in the sprawling Tretyakov Gallery annex by the Moscow River, was the reality of art in the eye of one of history's epic storms.
Among those to appeal are double bobsleigh gold medallist Alexander Zubkov, 50km crosscountry champion Alexander Legkov and skeleton winner Alexander Tretyakov.
His students are anxious to visit the Tretyakov Gallery and the Hermitage.
The Viktor Vasnetsov House Museum (now part of the Tretyakov Gallery) is a fairy-tale home, with more than 24,000 exhibits that include household items and works of art by the great 19th-century painter.
His personal exhibitions have been held in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, at the UN headquarters in New York and in the famous galleries of Kuwait, Japan, Austria, Germany, Turkey, China, among other places.
The second is a much bigger affair--the first exhibition the Kabakovs themselves regard as a retrospective--which opens at Tate Modern this month (18 October-28 January 2018), before moving to the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, and then the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.
In the same year, we will also open exhibitions in Nantes (contemporary Estonian art), the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow and in Japan (a Kaljo Pollu exhibition).
Following the second McLaren report last year, four Russian skeleton athletes including Olympic champion Alexander Tretyakov and bronze medallist Elena Nikitina, were provisionally suspended by the IBSF but had their bans lifted in January as the governing body said there was "insufficient evidence" to continue with the suspension.
Lagos had previously lost to Valery Tretyakov via unanimous decision on Feb.
Bobsledder Alexander Zubkov, skier Alexander Legkov, skeleton racer Alexander Tretyakov and the entire Russian women's ice hockey team were all directly implicated in the alleged state doping program.