Richard Trevithick

(redirected from Trevethick)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Trevithick, Richard

(trĕv`ĭthĭk), 1771–1833, British engineer and inventor, b. Cornwall. He is known as the father of locomotive power because of his invention (1800) of the high-pressure steam engine. He built a steam carriage that on Christmas Eve, 1801, in London, carried the first passengers transported by steam power. In 1804 a steam locomotive he constructed was used in Wales on a railway, the first vehicle to be so operated. Trevithick also developed steam engines for use in mines and invented a steam threshing machine.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trevithick, Richard

 

Born Apr. 13, 1771, in Illogan, Cornwall; died Apr. 22, 1833, in Dartford, Kent. English inventor.

Trevithick received his secondary education at Camborne School. Through his own efforts he acquired sufficient knowledge in steam engineering to become an engineer in various companies. He pioneered the development and use of stationary engines that operate at high pressures; he received a patent for a high-pressure steam engine in 1800 and introduced the cylindrical boiler (the Cornish boiler) in 1815.

Trevithick built his first models of steam carriages in 1797. In 1801 he undertook the construction of full-scale steam carriages, the last of which underwent successful testing in Cornwall and London in 1802 and 1803. In 1803 and 1804, with the assistance of J. Steele, Trevithick built the first steam locomotive in history for the Merthyr Tydfil tramway in South Wales; the locomotive proved to be too heavy for the cast-iron rails and could not be used. The second steam locomotive built by Trevithick and Steele also did not find practical application. Not until 1808 did Trevithick design and build an improved steam locomotive that could reach speeds of up to 30 km/hour; this locomotive was demonstrated in a suburb of London.

Lacking financial support, Trevithick went bankrupt in 1811. He left England for South America in 1816. He returned to England in 1827 and subsequently died in poverty.

REFERENCES

Tvortsy mashin. Moscow, 1937.
Virginskii, V. S. Dzh. Stefenson. Moscow, 1964.
Dickinson, H. W., and A. Titley. Richard Trevithick. Cambridge, 1934.

V. S. VIRGINSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm told he was only five or six years old and it could have killed him," said Mr Trevethick .
Trevethick MA, Oakley I, Clayton NM, Strong P (1995) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced gastric damage in experimental animals: underlying pathological mechanisms.
"He's been back a few times to watch his sister play basketball, but we're trying to persuade him to come back to give a talk to the pupils," said Mr Trevethick.
The Humphries family of the Penydarren works employed a Cornishman, Richard Trevethick, to design one that would run on wheels, that required a railway, and it was built behind the row of shops beside the High Street.
With news of the latest round of funds, a series of community activities are also planned to encourage people to explore the heritage on their doorstep, including Dic Penderyn and the Merthyr Uprising, the Trevethick Trail and the route of the first railway.
They were the family of engineer Sir Richard Trevethick Tangey, whose innovative hydraulic winches launched the steamship Great Eastern.
This week in Cardiff Bay, barely 25 miles from where Richard Trevethick launched his epoch-making steam train almost 300 years ago, the shape of city transport in the 21st century was unveiled.
In January and February, the castle is holding the exhibition Richard Trevethick and the Penydarren Locomotive.
On Thursday, Wyndham Street, Machen Place and Craddock Street will get the treatment with Friday's work also taking place in Rennie, Trevethick, Smeaton, and Telford Streets.
SMOTHERED: Going nowhere in Trevethick Street, Merthyr Tydfil yesterday
As a result the pair were caught red-handed by police as they attempted to leave the house in Trevethick Street, Bensham, Gateshead.