Trial of the 32

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trial of the 32

 

(Case of Those Accused of Having Dealings With the London Propagandists), one of the most important political trials of the 1860’s in Russia. It was held from July 7, 1862, to Apr. 27, 1865. N. A. Serno-Solov’evich was the central figure in the trial. The main charge was collaboration with A. I. Herzen and N. P. Ogarev. The 32 were also charged with providing aid to V. I. Kel’siev during his illegal stay in Moscow and St. Petersburg in March and April 1862. The trial removed Serno-Solov’evich from the leadership of Land and Liberty and dealt an irreparable blow to Herzen’s and Ogarev’s conspiratorial ties with Russia. The Trial of the 32 attested to the tsarist regime’s shift to a policy of terror against revolutionary forces.

Four persons were sentenced to internal exile, four to exile from Russia, one to imprisonment, and five to police supervision. Sixteen persons were acquitted, and two died during the trial.

REFERENCE

Lemke, M. “Protsess 32-kh.” In Ocherki osvoboditel’nogo dvizheniia shestidesiatykh godov. St. Petersburg, 1908.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.