Tribal Areas

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Tribal Areas,

officially the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), former administrative region, 10,510 sq mi (27,220 sq km), NW Pakistan, comprising seven agencies (or tribal areas) and six generally smaller frontier regions located mainly between Afghanistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prov. but also bordered by Punjab and Baluchistan prov. in the south. The seven agencies were Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North Waziristan, and South Waziristan; the inhabitants were overwhelmingly Pashtuns.

Under British rule, the area served as a buffer zone between the British and Russsian spheres of influence. The colonial government never completely controlled the region; the tribes governed their own internal affairs, while the British were responsible for British India's security. The arrangement was far from successful, and in the last half of the 19th cent. British troops repeatedly battled tribal groups. The British retained a tenuous hold on the region until they left the subcontinent in 1947.

A 1948 agreement granted the Tribal Areas a special administrative status in Pakistan, which allowed them to remain semiautonomous and base their administration on traditional tribal rules, but the inhabitants did not have full Pakistani citizenship rights. The system was codified in the 1973 constitution. In the early 21st. cent. the Pakistani TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were a major force in the region, and the Pakistani army conducted a number of offensives against Islamic militants in parts of the FATA. The FATA, particularly the Waziristans, were also alleged to be a stronghold for Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Reforms that would give the inhabitants full citizenship and merge the FATA into Khyber PakhtunkhwaKhyber Pakhtunkhwa,
formerly North-West Frontier Province,
province and historic region (2017 provisional pop. 35,525,047), c.51,510 sq mi (133,410 sq km), NW Pakistan, bounded on the N and W by Afghanistan. Peshawar is the capital.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were enacted in 2018, and the FATA was dissolved, though some aspects of the merger were to be completed by 2020. The former agencies and regions became provincial districts.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Islamabad -- Minister for Economic Affairs Hammad Azhar on Monday told the National Assembly that the marble products produced and then sold in former federally and provincially administered tribal areas were exempted from taxes.
ISLAMABAD -- MNA Ali Awan on Monday stated that a level playing field should be provided to the marble businesses whether operating in the tribal areas or other districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
ISLAMABAD -- Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Justice Sardar Muhammad Raza on Saturday congratulated the people of tribal areas for their active participation and holding of peaceful elections on 16 seats of provincial assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the erstwhile Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) districts.
DERA GHAZI KHAN -- The DG Khan deputy commissioner, political assistant to tribal areas, their driver and guard were injured after their vehicle plunged into a ditch in mountainous tribal area of the Mubarki top.
ISLAMABAD -- Prime Minister Imran Khan Monday said that the government was alive to the difficulties being faced by the people in merged tribal areas (erstwhile FATA) and would fulfill all the commitments made with them.
Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday announced a record development budget to be allocated for tribal areas.
Summary: Earlier know as breeding ground of militants, tribal areas will get Rs100b uplift fund
Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday announced to allocate Rs100 billion annually for the development of tribal areas.
Turning to the people of Orakzai, the prime minister said he was the only politician who had visited and knew the tribal areas when the war against terror started.
He said that when the war against terror started, he was the only politician who had visited and knew the tribal areas and wrote a book.
"That's why I said time and again that Pakistan's armed forces should not be sent to tribal areas on US' saying because the tribal people are our army." "Unfortunately, the leader of the time did not know about tribal areas or their traditions or history.
The meeting also decided to issue directives for installation of solar panels in all the mosques of the tribal areas. It was decided that solar panels would also be installed at all public places in tribal areas including hospitals and schools for which an amount of Rs150 million was already allocated.