Tribal Association

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tribal Association


a form of social organization during the period of the disintegration of the primitive communal system. Tribal associations developed in conjunction with the spread of predatory warfare and the need for defense, which necessitated the unification of tribes into larger social structures. Early tribal associations existed among North American Indians. They included the League of the Iroquois and the confederacies of the Creek and Prairie tribes. The associations were apparently based on the equality and independence of all members, which corresponded to the equality that continued to exist among all the members of the individual tribes.

The further disintegration of primitive society usually led to the transformation of tribal associations into hierarchies of ruling and subordinate tribes, which were controlled by the leaders of the ruling tribes. Associations of this kind are known to have existed among the Melanesians of New Caledonia and the Fiji Islands, the Tuareg of the Sahara, and the Bedouin of Arabia. The development of tribal associations was accompanied by the strengthening of the economic and cultural ties between member tribes, regardless of whether they were related by blood. Intermarriage resulted in the gradual transformation of tribal society into a new form of ethnic community—the nationality.

Some scholars believe that a special transitional form of ethnic community developed between the tribe and the nationality—a societal form that has been called the multitribal community.


Engels, F. “Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch. 2nd ed., vol. 21.
Morgan, L. H. Drevnee obschestvo, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1935. (Translated from English.)
Bromlei, Iu. V. Etnos i etnografiia. Moscow, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Supreme Court in La Bugal B'Laan Tribal Association vs the Department of the Environment and Natural Resources secretary has allowed the participation of foreign mining companies in our mining industry.
He cited the Supreme Court's ruling on the case of La Bugal B'Laan Tribal Association Inc.
The US Interior Department approved Craig Tribal Association's land-into-trust application to place a 1.08-acre land parcel into federal Indian trust status.
The Treaty 8 Tribal Association said, however, their consultants have concluded that, by taking advantage of low-cost resources allowable under the Clean Energy Act, there would be no need for new electricity resources in B.C.
Defending the Constitution includes protecting the people of South Sudan, regardless of political or tribal association. For this reason, I believe the President is right to distance himself from the massacre even though the army is dumfounded by what he did.
The kinship among the advocates, refugees, and predecessors of the Let My People Go movement of the last century is a reminder of the value of the web formed by tribal association. Check out this timeline of HIAS' efforts, and purchase tickets to this Sunday's book launch reception at the Center for Jewish History, to become part of that web.
Because there is no such tribal association for racing's followers, there is no corresponding clamour.
They formally started challenging the constitutionality of the Mining Act with regards to national patrimony in 1997, with a petition filed by B'laan tribal groups under the La Bugal Tribal Association.
Logan is the chairperson of the Treaty 8 Tribal Association.
Josef Lewor Gohang, chairman of the Indonesia Tribal Association, said the people occupied the land because they believe it belonged to their ancestors.
Also visit the Canadian Tribal Association web page: http:/