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1. a court of justice or any place where justice is administered
2. (in Britain) a special court, convened by the government to inquire into a specific matter
3. a raised platform containing the seat of a judge or magistrate, originally that in a Roman basilica
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


In an ancient Roman basilica, a raised platform for the chair of the magistrates; a place of honor.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a legal term designating a locus of judicial authority; a special court.

(1) In ancient Rome, the raised platform on which important officials, such as consuls and praetors, sat when performing their official duties.

(2) In France, the revolutionary emergency court established during the French Revolution and called the Revolutionary Tribunal.

(3) In the USSR, courts established by the Council of People’s Commissars’ Decree on the Court No. 1, issued on Nov. 22 (Dec. 5), 1917, to combat counterrevolution and the most serious crimes (seeREVOLUTIONARY TRIBUNALS). Military tribunals are courts that try cases involving military and other crimes referred to their jurisdiction by law (seeMILITARY TRIBUNALS).

(4) An international judicial body for the prosecution and sentencing of major war criminals of World War II (seeINTERNATIONAL WAR TRIBUNAL) .

(5) In the judicial systems of certain bourgeois countries, such as France and Italy, a court of first instance or appellate court for cases tried by justices of the peace.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


In an ancient Roman basilica, a raised platform for the curule chairs of the magistrates.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Justice Muhammad charged members of the tribunals to abide by the oath of office they took, saying that, 'the oath is a solemn appeal to the Almighty God.
The tribunal, headed by Justice Abdullah Baloch, had reserved the judgement after completion of hearings in the petition on December 8.
Accompanied by other judges of Chief Court, the CJ was accorded warm reception and the chairman service tribunal Akhlaq Hussain briefed him about measures taken for dispensation of prompt and inexpensive justice to litigants.
Section 140 of the Elections Act empowers the ECP to appoint as many tribunals as may be necessary for swift disposal of election petitions.
Justice Hashim Khan Kakar, Justice Abdullah Baloch and Justice Nazeer Ahmed Langove of the Balochistan High Court have been appointed as heads for the three Balochistan tribunals. Justice Mamoon Rasheed, Justice Shahid Mubeen, Justice Shahid Jameel Khan, Justice Chaudhry Muhammad Iqbal, Justice Muhammad Ameer Bhatti, Justice Sardar Ahmed Naeem, Justice Mujahid Mustaqeem and Justice Waqas Rauf of the Lahore High Court have been appointed to head each of the eight Punjab tribunals.
It should be noted that it would be improper to describe one of these tribunals as performing "peer review" of an employee's grievance except in the case, if any, in which nonsupervisory employees constitute at least a majority of the tribunal's members, and, strictly speaking, the phrase "peer review" should be limited to a tribunal consisting solely of nonsupervisory employees.
He said the Executive continues to treat tribunals as an integral part of itself, and by doing so it undermines the independence of the Judiciary since in the law, tribunals are subordinate courts and integral part of Judiciary.
If an Unclos member-state, like the Philippines, has not expressed any preference for any of these four tribunals, the default means of settling disputes is Item 3 (ad hoc arbitration).
The Narmada, the Godavari and the Krishna tribunals have presented their final decisions in 1979, 1980 and 2010.
But not to such application efore Insurance Tribunal Insurance Ordinance, 2001 had not specifically restricted entertainment of such claim, which might have become due after its promulgation - - - Constitution of Insurance Tribunal under Insurance Ordinance, 2001 vide Notification dated 20-6-2006 was an intimation to policy holders to seek enforcement of their claims from said Tribunal Limitation for moving the Insurance Tribunal for enforcement of such claim would commence from the date when same was constituted for first time on 20-6-2006"Such application was within time in circumstances.
In 2012 state legislative sessions, Georgia and Illinois enacted bills to establish independent state tax tribunals. The Georgia tax tribunal legislation, which followed many of the Model Act provisions, began operation on Jan.

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