Tribune of the People


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Related to Tribune of the People: Tribunician, Plebeians
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tribune of the People

 

(Latin, tribunus plebis), in ancient Rome beginning in 494 B.C., a high official chosen from among the plebeians. Tribunes of the people possessed the right to intervene in the activities of patrician magistrates and the Senate and to veto their decisions. Originally the tribunes, who were elected annually by the plebeian assembly, numbered between two and five but were later increased to ten. Their persons were deemed sacrosanct and therefore inviolable. As representatives of the people, they often initiated agrarian laws and democratic reforms, such as those of Gaius Flaminius and Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Indeed, the greatest advances in the democratic movement in Rome resulted from the efforts of two tribunes of the people, Tiberius Gracchus and Gaius Gracchus.

Under the empire, the institution of tribunes of the people was retained, but the tribunes lost their real importance. Tribunician power was assumed by the emperors, who followed the precedent set by Julius Caesar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Lenin-"The Tribune of the People." Online posting 31 Dec.
Vibius Pansa; as tribune of the people, he vetoed anti-Caesarian measures in the Senate (51); was made governor of Bithynia-et-Pontus (region on the southern shore of the Black Sea) by Caesar (47-46); was ordered west to be governor of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) (45), where he served for less than a year (early 44); elected consul with Aulus Hirtius (43); ordered to relieve Decimus Brutus at Mutina (Modena), where he was besieged by Mark Antony; after levying troops and reestablishing order in Rome, he departed to join Hirtius at Mutina (March 19); defeated Antony's army and forced him to retreat, but was badly wounded (April 14); returned to Rome, and was proclaimed imperator along with Hirtius and Octavian; died of his wounds soon after (April 23).
Stressing the importance of maintaining its independence, Saguisag said: 'The OSG should be the tribune of the people, not tuta (lapdog) of the administration.'
During the preliminary investigation proceeding at the Department of Justice earlier Friday, Saguisag raised before the panel that the OSG is the tribune of the people, and should not act as a "lapdog" of the government.
In his manifestation, Calid said the Office the Solicitor General (OSG) decided to invoke its role as Tribune of the People, for the welfare and interest of the public, instead of filing a comment on behalf of the Comelec which has taken the 25 percent threshold position.
Have the tribune of the people not noticed that there has been an economic meltdown and that far from rising, prices have been falling for some time now as demand collapses in the face of a credit crisis.
The fawning gratitude of the self-appointed tribune of the people to this reminder was nauseating to behold.
But Miranda argued that OSG is acting on its mandate as 'tribune of the people,' citing Section 35 (11) of Executive Order No.
"The Office of the Solicitor General should be the tribune of the people they should not be the 'tuta' (lapdog) of the administration," Saguisag said, eliciting laughter from attendees of the preliminary investigation.
'We encourage bar passers to heed the call of public service and join the OSG in its pursuit of social justice as the Defender of the Republic and Tribune of the People,' it added.
We encourage all Bar passers to heed the call of public service and join the OSG in its pursuit of social justice as the defender of the republic and tribune of the people," the OSG added.
The 13-page comment was filed last Monday in compliance with an earlier order of the Supreme Court, sitting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal, for the poll body to submit its position after Solicitor General Jose Calida opted to drop the poll body as a client and file his own position supporting the 50-percent threshold as a 'tribune of the people.'