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a. a payment by one ruler or state to another, usually as an acknowledgment of submission
b. any tax levied for such a payment
2. (in feudal society) homage or a payment rendered by a vassal to his lord
3. the obligation to pay tribute



originally a requisition in kind or in money collected by victors from conquered tribes or states. Sometimes, to avoid a war tribute was also rendered at the approach of hostile forces. With the consolidation of conquered tribes under the authority of one tribal leader (prince) and the formation of the early feudal state, the tribute levied on these tribes took on a new meaning, that of a tax. As the right to collect this tax was granted to the members of the prince’s retinue, to the clergy, and to secular lords, tribute was transformed into feudal rent.

In Russia, tribute was known from the ninth century onward. After subjugating a certain tribe, the prince would impose tribute on it (in money or in kind, including furs). The growth of feudal landed property led to the feudal lords’ usurpation of the right to levy tribute, and it became a part of feudal rent. From the 13th to the 15th centuries princes often exempted privileged landowners from the payment of tribute. With the formation of the united Russian state at the turn of the 16th century, tribute became an obligatory tax levied on the chernososhnye (state) and dvortsovye (palace) peasants and on the posadskie liudi (merchants and artisans). Tribute was abolished in 1679, after the most important direct taxes were merged into one, the so-called streltsy money. The patriarch, metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops collected tribute from the parish clergy (a part of the income from contributions of parishioners). From the 13th to the 15th centuries a special form of tribute was levied on the Russian lands by the Golden Horde, the so-called horde vykhod.


Lappo-Danilevskii. A. S. Organizalsiia priamogo oblozhentia v Moskovskom gosudarstve so vremen smuty do epokhi pre-obrazovanit. St. Petersburg, 1890.
Miliukov, P. N. Spornye voprosy finansovoi istorii Moskovskogo gosudarstva. St. Petersburg. 1892.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coming from all corners of Europe are the band members who make up Hotter than Hell, the tribute band to KISS.
While paying rich tributes to the martyrs of 1965 and 1971, Leaders of different organizations and parties said that it was due to the sacrifices of these brave people and soldiers that we have been living in a peaceful and independent country.
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This tribute video clip has been expertly created and designed to enhance the overall personalization experience for a family who wishes to honor their loved one with a tribute video.
The proposals have had a mixed response from Daily Post readers - some in favour of the 30-day limit while others think it should be down to the grieving family as to when tributes are removed.
The Greatest are also the only Take That tribute to feature the leading soundalikes to Gary Barlow and Mark Owen, in addition to incorporating UK's number one Robbie Williams tribute artist Millennium into the group.
Congress leaders also paid rich tributes to the late leader.
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The unique capabilities which Tributes brings to the table allow broadcast media to effectively compete with the newspapers in their markets, transitioning printed obituaries to multimedia experiences.