tribute

(redirected from Tributes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms.

tribute

1. 
a. a payment by one ruler or state to another, usually as an acknowledgment of submission
b. any tax levied for such a payment
2. (in feudal society) homage or a payment rendered by a vassal to his lord
3. the obligation to pay tribute

Tribute

 

originally a requisition in kind or in money collected by victors from conquered tribes or states. Sometimes, to avoid a war tribute was also rendered at the approach of hostile forces. With the consolidation of conquered tribes under the authority of one tribal leader (prince) and the formation of the early feudal state, the tribute levied on these tribes took on a new meaning, that of a tax. As the right to collect this tax was granted to the members of the prince’s retinue, to the clergy, and to secular lords, tribute was transformed into feudal rent.

In Russia, tribute was known from the ninth century onward. After subjugating a certain tribe, the prince would impose tribute on it (in money or in kind, including furs). The growth of feudal landed property led to the feudal lords’ usurpation of the right to levy tribute, and it became a part of feudal rent. From the 13th to the 15th centuries princes often exempted privileged landowners from the payment of tribute. With the formation of the united Russian state at the turn of the 16th century, tribute became an obligatory tax levied on the chernososhnye (state) and dvortsovye (palace) peasants and on the posadskie liudi (merchants and artisans). Tribute was abolished in 1679, after the most important direct taxes were merged into one, the so-called streltsy money. The patriarch, metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops collected tribute from the parish clergy (a part of the income from contributions of parishioners). From the 13th to the 15th centuries a special form of tribute was levied on the Russian lands by the Golden Horde, the so-called horde vykhod.

REFERENCES

Lappo-Danilevskii. A. S. Organizalsiia priamogo oblozhentia v Moskovskom gosudarstve so vremen smuty do epokhi pre-obrazovanit. St. Petersburg, 1890.
Miliukov, P. N. Spornye voprosy finansovoi istorii Moskovskogo gosudarstva. St. Petersburg. 1892.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the addition of this new serene video clip, client families have the option to create a more fitting tribute video for a grandmother, aunt, sister, mother, or anyone who liked to knit, stitch or sew, thereby increasing funeral personalization.
1), Chuck Niles' last on-air residence, will pay tribute to the departed jazz DJ from noon to 2 p.
What began as Roger Baker's personal search for a tribute theme for his annual field cutting in upstate New York, focused initially on jazz legend John Coltrane, quickly evolved into a deeply felt emotional journey from the Catskill Mountain countryside to downtown New York City, Indian Larry's home and Gasoline Alley, the custom motorcycle shop he founded.
com)-- Recently, Frazer Consultants, the leading funeral industry personalization, technology, and consulting company, added another video clip to their online library to be used as an introduction and ending of a DVD tribute video.
For its 83rd season, starting in June, the Hollywood Bowl brings together finely tuned classical, jazz and world music series under a new acoustical shell promising dramatically sharper sound whether the musicians below it are the Los Angeles Philharmonic or a Neil Diamond tribute band.
One of the newest approaches detailed in the guide is giving volunteers online tools to create tribute Web sites.
As part of Tributes' 'Light a Candle' program, which allows friends and family to place virtual gifts or to light virtual candles on an obituary on their website, coupled with the approach of Mother's Day, Tributes.
org/monumentpark), a virtual, online area for tributes and memorials for men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Frazer Consultant's all-in-one personalization funeral software gives a funeral professional the ability to produce not only stunning funeral video tributes in-house but also, the most personalized funeral stationery products, live or recorded webcasts and temporary grave markers.
At every stop on the farewell tour, Michael Jordan has been offered gifts and tributes and all manner of worshipful gestures, and he has dutifully demurred every time.
com or any Tributes-powered obituary site in the Tributes Network.