Trichogrammatidae


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Trichogrammatidae

[‚trik·ə·grə′mad·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of the Hymenoptera in the superfamily Chalcidoidea whose larvae are parasitic in the eggs of other insects.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Family Genus and species Proportion male (M) or female (F) Braconidae Cotesia glomerata 0.56 M 0.39 M Braconidae Aphidius rhopalosiphi 0.68 M 0.38 M Braconidae Cotesia glomerata 0.435 M 0.558 M 0.664 M 0.7 M 0.219 M Ichneumonidae Mastrus ridens 0.74 M 0.64 M Figitidae Leptopilina heterotoma 0.65 M 0.68 M Pteromalidae Nasonia vitripennis 0.4 M 0.4 M 0.25 M 0.25 M Pteromalidae Nasonia vitripennis 0.3 M 0.3 M 0.4 M 0.4 M Trichogrammatidae Trichogramma nr.
Tarim zararlilarina yonelik biyolojik mucadele calismalari kapsaminda 2014-2015 yillarinda Izmir, Manisa ve Canakkale illerine bagli bazi ilcelerde domates tarlalarinda bulunan zararli domates guvesi, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)'nin yumurta parazitoiti Trichogramma euproctidis (Girault, 1911) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)'in yayilisi ve dogal etkinligi belirlenmistir.
Alem disso, os ovos de Sitotroga cerealella parecem ser mais rigidos que de Anagasta kuehniella, visto que Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) necessitou de tres vezes mais tempo para realizar a penetracao do ovipositor em Sitotroga cerealella comparado a Anagasta kuehniella (SALT, 1938).
Among the parasitoids, the Trichogramma Westwood (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) is the most studied and used throughout the world for its easiness and efficiency of propagation in the laboratory for later release in the field, especially in the control of the Lepidoptera pests (Davies, Pufke, & Zalucki, 2009; Davies & Zalucki, 2008).
NCBI blast searches for both the COI fragments showed similar level of identities (87%) with the wasp species from the families Trichogrammatidae, Aphelinidae, and Pteromalidae but the similarity was not conclusive with any particular species.
Efectos toxicologicos de extractos de molle (Schinus molle) y lantana (Lantana camara) sobre Chrysoperla externa (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), Trichogramma pintoi (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) y Copidosoma koehleri (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) en el Peru.
"Biological Control of Sugarcane Borers with Inundative Release of Trichogramma Chilonis (Ishii) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in Farmer Fields," Pak.
[ha.sup.-1] did not reduce the emergence of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) from pupae that received this treatment, compared with the control (CARMO et al., 2010b; Figure 2A), and was classified as harmless (class 1) according to IOBC protocols (HASSAN et al., 2000).
Varios metodos de control son utilizados para minimizar las perdidas ocasionadas por accion de la plaga, como el control cultural, por medio de la rotacion de cultivos y de la siembra de variedades resistentes; ademas de estos, el control biologico con los parasitoides Trichogramma exiguum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), Cotesia flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Billaea claripalpis y lydella minense (Diptera: Tachinidae), con la bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), o con hongos entomopatogenos como Metarhizium anisopliae y Beauveria bassiana (ALVES et al., 1985; LECUONA et al., 1996; WENZEL et al., 2006; OLIVEIRA et al., 2008a, b; ZAPPELINI et al., 2010; GUO et al., 2012; SVEDESE et al., 2013; ZHANG et al., 2013).