Trigonella


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Trigonella

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are annual, or less commonly, perennial herbs; some are subshrubs. The leaves are pinnately three-foliate and usually denticulate. The flowers, which are generally yellow, form umbellate or capitate axillary racemes. Sometimes they are solitary or in twos in the axils. The fruit is a one- or many-seeded pod.

There are approximately 130 species of Trigonella, distributed in the temperate regions of Eurasia, mainly Asia Minor, Southwest Asia, Middle Asia, and the Caucasus, and in Africa and Australia. More than 50 species are found in the USSR, growing on dry slopes and as weeds among crops and in wastelands. Some species are valuable fodder plants.

The fenugreek (T. foenum-graecum) is raised for food and fodder and as a drug plant in the Mediterranean region, Africa, India, and some parts of the southern USSR. The species T. caerulae is found in the European USSR and the Caucasus, where it is an imported weed. It is often cultivated in gardens as an herb. Both species are used to flavor sapsago. Among the numerous wild species used for fodder are Trigonella popovii, T. lipskyi, T. ruthenica, and T. platycarpos. Many species are very nectiferous.

REFERENCE

Vasil’chenko, I. T. “Obzor vidov roda Trigonella L.” In Flora i sistematika vysshikh rastenii, fasc. 10. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.

T. V. EGOROVA

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References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) seeds aqueous extract on fertility of female rats.
The most used herbs were fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum), chinaberry leaves (neem) (Melia azedarach), and harmel (Rhazya stricta) [22].
Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of dietary fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds and garlic (Allium sativum) in high-fat fed rats.
A Review on Biology, Cultivation and Biotechnology of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as a Valuable Medicinal Plant and Multipurpose.
Total ash (TA %) among legumes increased from 9.70% (Lygos raetam), 12.21% (Vicia sativa) to 22.05% (Trigonella maritima) and 23.24% (Ononis vaginalis).
Content of crude protein, fixed oil and lecithin in Sudanese seed accessions of fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.).
Trigonella contributed two (2) species and two (2) subspecies while Melilotus had three (3) species.
DC, Velezia rigida L., Anagallis arvensis L., Brachipodium sp., Bromus matritensis L., Calendula arvensis L., Campanula sp., Convolvulus altheoides L., Crepis sp., Medicago sp., Papaver rhoeas L., Rapistrum rugosum L., Scabiosa sp., Sisymbrium sp., Sonchus arvensis L., Trigonella monspeliaca L., etc.
Sabale, "Effect of seaweed concentrates on the growth and biochemical constituents of Trigonella foenumgraecumL," Journal of Phytology, vol.
Wang, "Analysis of amino acids in Trigonella foenumgraecum seeds," Journal of Chinese medicinal materials, vol.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) is an important seed spice, originated in South-Eastern Europe belonging to the family Fabaceae.
METHI OR Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.), an important but little-known ingredient of the globally famous South Asian curries, is an annual legume crop and a traditional spice.