Triose


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Related to Triose: Triose phosphate isomerase

triose

[′trī‚ōs]
(biochemistry)
A group of monsaccharide compounds that have a three-carbon chain length.

Triose

 

any of several dihydroxy carbonyl compounds containing three carbon atoms; the simplest monosaccharides. Among the trioses are D- and L-glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone.

In green plants, trioses are formed by the fixation of carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis. Trioses and trióse phosphates are important metabolic intermediates. (See also.) [26–646–1 ]

References in periodicals archive ?
difficile was presumptively identified on the basis of Gram stain and detection of L-proline aminopeptidase activity (Pro Disc, Remel, Lenexa, KS, USA) and confirmed by identification of the triose phosphate isomerase gene (9).
involves metabolic engineering of the rice plant to improve triose phosphate utilization by enhancing starch production in leaves and developing seeds.
In Drosophila melanogaster lead was reported to induce enzymatic alterations in esterase and triose phosphate isomerase (Lower et al.
The intraspecific difference of the triose phosphate isomerase (tim) gene from Giardia lamblia.
These included key regulatory enzymes such as SuSy (AA080580, AA080610, AA080634, AA269294) and triose phosphate isomerase (AA577653).
For example, triose phosphate moves to cytosol, where sucrose synthesis occurs, in exchange for inorganic phosphate, [P.
1970), adenylate kinase (TVB), a-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (TC), glycero-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (TC), glucose phosphate isomerase (CT), homoserine dehydrogenase (TVB), malic enzyme (TC), peptidase (Val-Leu) (RW), phosphofructokinase (TC), superoxide dismutase (CT), diaphorase (RW), glutamate dehydrogenase (TVB), peptidase (Leu-Gly-Gly) (RW), pyruvate kinase (TVB), and triose phosphate isomerase (TC).
The gels were stained for eight enzymes including aspartate aminotransferase (Weeden, 1984), aconitase (Cardy and Beversdorf, 1984), leucine aminopeptidase (Wendel and Weeden, 1989), malate dehydrogenase, phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, phosphoglucoisomerase, shikimate dehydrogenase, and triose phosphate isomerase.
i] limiting its counterexchange with triose phosphates within the chloroplasts.
These loci (and the number of alleles per locus) were: isocitrate dehydrogenase (Idh, 4), leucine amino peptidase (Lap, 3), phosphoglucomutase-1 and -2 (Pgm- 1, 2; Pgm-2, 3), shikimate dehydrogenase (Skdh, 2), malate dehydrogenase-2 (Mdh-2, 2), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase- 1 and -2 6-Pgd- 1, 2; 6-Pgd-2, 3), diaphorase-2 (Dia-2, 3), and triose phosphate isomerase-1 (Tpi-1, 2).
The synthesis of the photoassimilates is dependent on the availability of Pi in the cytoplasm and is related to the transport of trioses from chloroplasts to the cytoplasm and the sucrose synthesis process (Hendrickson, Crow, & Furbank, 2004).