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Tripura (trĭˈpo͝orä), state (2001 provisional pop. 3,191,168), 4,036 sq mi (10,453 sq km), NE India, bordered by Bangladesh on the north, west, and south, and on the east by the states of Assam and Mizoram. The capital is Agartala. Tripura lies in a mountainous region but has lush lowlands with cane brakes, swamps, and dense jungles. The population, which is mainly engaged in agriculture, is predominantly Hindu. Bengali is the main language. Tripura is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected unicameral legislature. The states of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, and Tripura and the union territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh have a common governor appointed by India's president. The 16th-century Hindu temple at Radhakishorepur is much visited.
The region was the center of a long-lived kingdom that reached its apogee in the 15th cent. Though the region was annexed by the Mughal empire in 1733 and passed under British rule in the 19th cent., the original kingdom did not disappear until it joined India in 1949. Tripura became a union territory in 1956 and a state in 1972. In the 1970s many Bengali-speaking immigrants began arriving from Bangladesh; by the 1980s their presence had led to clashes with indigenous tribes, and sparked a armed indigenous separatist movement.
a state in India (until 1972, a union territory). Area, 10,400 sq km. Population, 1,557,000 (1971), mostly Bengalis and 92 percent rural. The capital and main economic center is Agar-tala.
Tripura occupies the eastern edge of the Ganges Plain. Stretching along the border with Bangladesh are spurs of the Lushai Hills. The area has a tropical monsoonal climate. The mountains have evergreen and deciduous tropical forests.
The principal occupation of the population is agriculture. Rice, jute, cotton, tea, and sugarcane are cultivated, and there is lumbering. Tripura has small-scale industry, as well as cottage-industry processing of agricultural products and woodworking.