In a word, a man, whose three elements - the body, brain and mind - are cultivated to the full and so known as a citizen of the world, such as Hermes Trismegistus
, Socrates, Jesus Christ, Mohammed, Mandela, Obafemi Awolowo or Thomas Paine, is qualified to be so addressed as educated man.
"However, the ancient Egyptian system is almost 2,000 years older than the yoga sutras of Patanjali as it is based on the philosophy of Ma'at, Hermes Trismegistus
, also known as Tehuti, Ptahhotep, Kagemini, and Seti I.
Many Christian writers, including Augustine and Giordano Bruno, considered Hermes Trismegistus
a wise pagan prophet who foresaw the coming of Christianity.
In a revision of his 2014 dissertations for a PhD in religions at the Universit of Bergen, Bull examines treatises in Greek attributed to the god or divine sage Hermes Trismegistus
. He argues that the treatises reflect the spiritual exercises and ritual practices of loosely organized brotherhoods in Egypt, which were directed by Egyptian priests educated in the traditional lore of the temples, but also conversant with Greek philosophy.
In Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay (one of several magus plays in the Admiral's repertoire), the sorcerer Vandermast invokes Pythagoras alongside Hermes Trismegistus
and Melchie, as "cabalists that write of magic spells." (28) This not only associates Pythagoras with occult magic but also with Jewish Kabbalah (of which more later).
(44) Newton's translation of Hermes Trismegistus
's Emerald Tablet, often quoted as "As above, so below." See his alchemical papers, currently housed in King's College Library, Cambridge University.
As Byrne concludes, "Ficino's intellectual, philosophical, and literary impact on Spanish authors was immediate, deep, and long-lasting" (218), an argument that she supports by reference to Ficino's place in Spanish libraries, his appearance as an authority in sixteenth-century Spanish letters, his role as a filter for the study of Hermes Trismegistus
and of Plato, and the persistence both of Hermetic-Neoplatonic imagery and of political-economic Platonism.
Another approach to the Demiurge is found in Poimandres, the Shepherd of Men, the opening book of the Corpus Hermeticum, the most prominent of several collections of ancient mystical dialogues in which Hermes Trismegistus
(the Egyptian Thoth) is the principal speaker.
Hughes tells us the nave was dedicated to Hermes Trismegistus
(selfevident nonsense) and that the central figure is Moses placed above an inscription saying, "Take up the laws of Egypt" (21).
A wizard (Martinus Trismegistus
) in Three Hearts and Three Lions makes an offhand remark that "You have no idea what student pranks can be until you've seen a magicians' college" (149, ch.15), but this is not followed up.
I see this as a continuation of the magical poetics most potently expressed by Via Negativa, but extending from Hermes Trismegistus
to Proclus to Saint Dionysius to Bruno to Saint John of the Cross to Blake to the modernist avant-garde.