Tristan Tzara


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Tzara, Tristan

(trēstäN` tsä`rä), 1896–1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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). His theories are expressed in Sept manifestes dada [seven dadaist manifestos] (1924). Tzara moved to Paris in 1921 and worked with André Breton. His poetry is collected in Vingt-cinque Poèmes (1918) and De la coup aux lèvres (1961).

Bibliography

See his Approximate Man and Other Writings (tr. 1973).

Tzara, Tristan

 

(real name, Samy Rosenstock). Born Apr. 14, 1896, in Moinesti, Rumania; died Dec. 24, 1963, in Paris. French poet.

In Paris in 1919, Tzara became one of the leaders of a group of dadaists, whose views he later expounded in Seven Manifestos of Dada (1924). He subsequently turned to surrealism, publishing his Essay on the State of Poetry (1931). During the rise of fascism, Tzara joined other leading representatives from the world of culture in defending the basic values of humanism as they came under attack. He later contributed to newspapers of the French Resistance.

In his early lyric poetry, including the collection The First Celestial Adventure of Monsieur Antipyrine (1916), Tzara expressed his anarchical rebellion against civilization through an almost futuristic language, consisting of disconnected and chaotic fragments of speech that could be perceived as those of a lunatic. In his later works, however, including the collections Noontides Gained (1939), Earth Descends Upon Earth (1946), At Full Flame (1955), and Permitted Fruit (1956), Tzara made use of symbolic language to convey his profound feelings on the tragedy of the human condition, writing of the hopes that animate man and impel him to seek happiness for himself and others.

WORKS

Choix de textes: Présentation par R. Lacöte et G. Haldas. Paris, 1952.
In Russian translation:
[Poems.] In Ia pishu tvoe imia, Svoboda. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963.
Andreev, L. Siurrealizm. Moscow, 1972.
Peterson, E. Tristan Tzara: Dada and Surrational Theorist. New Brunswick, N.J. [1971].

E. GALIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The mountaintop retreat--nominally founded by the anarchist Mikhail Bakunin (at a time when it was still known as Monescia) in the 1870s--flourished between 1900 and 1940, when it attracted anarchists, nudists, and Theosophists alongside such figures as Martin Buber, Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Rudolf von Laban, Isadora Duncan, Hermann Hesse (who famously had his alcoholism treated there), and the sexual revolutionary Otto Gross.
Or figures torn from history and placed onstage: Henry David Thoreau, Tristan Tzara, Pope Joan.
She became a friend of another Romanian expatriate, Tristan Tzara, and Man Ray immortalised them in a famous photograph representing Cunard in a trouser suit and top hat a la Marlene Dietrich and Tzara on his knees kissing her hand.
The most salient of these events was an "excursion" (hosted by Andre Breton, Tristan Tzara, Louis Aragon, et al.) to the church of Saint Julien le Pauvre that drew more than one hundred people despite the pouring rain.
La puesta en escena conto con el apoyo del Comite para la Defensa de la Republica Espanola que dirigia Tristan Tzara. Unos dias antes del estreno, el pueblo de Guernica fue bombardeado.
Even the failures, like Richard Huelsenbeck's Dada Almanach or Tristan Tzara's Dadaglobe, both unsuccessful magazine projects, speak to the immensity of the utopian ambition as well as to the impossibilities of its fulfillment.
En el "Manifiesto Dada de 1918", Tristan Tzara, con gracejo y codazos, dijo: "El amor por lo nuevo es una cruz simpatica que revela un amiquemeimportismo ...
Advertimos las singulares expresiones de Grombrowicz, Jarema, Milosz y Hamilton; Alberto Giacometti, Joan Miro, o Tristan Tzara vestido ?de que color cree?
Esta vez no entre en Suiza por Basilea, sino por Zurich, ciudad que no conocia y donde esperaba ver el local donde estuvo el Cabaret Voltaire, deseaba posicionarme en el lugar donde nacio Dada, en el sitio exacto donde Tristan Tzara y compania dijeron "Dada no significa nada" sin prever que para mi al menos, durante anos, Dada ha significado mucho.
Selected from a guide to "supernatural Paris," these sites include the death place of Isidore Ducasse, who was among the first to take up the techniques of appropriation; Jim Morrison's tomb; and the home of Tristan Tzara, father of the random cutup poem.
Procedente del dadaismo, Cocteau compartio creditos con el propio Tristan Tzara y Louis Aragon, convirtiendose por lo mismo en uno de los nombres inaugurales del consecuente movimiento encabezado anos despues por Andre Breton.