Tristan da Cunha

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Tristan da Cunha

(trĭs`tăn də ko͞o`nə), group of volcanic islands in the S Atlantic, about midway between S Africa and S America, part of the British Saint HelenaSaint Helena
, island, 47 sq mi (122 sq km), in the S Atlantic Ocean, 1,200 mi (1,931 km) W of Africa. Together with the islands of Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, it comprises the British overseas territory of St. Helena (2015 est. pop. 7,800). The capital and port is Jamestown.
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 overseas territory. The only habitable island of the group is Tristan da Cunha (1999 pop. 286), formed by a volcano rising to c.6,760 ft (2,060 m). The other islands are Gough, Nightingale, and Inaccessible, the last being the home of the flightless rail, an almost extinct bird. The first inhabitants came from St. Helena in the 19th cent. Fishing is the chief industry.


The island group was discovered by the Portuguese in 1506 and was visited by whalers, seal hunters, and explorers. In 1816 it was annexed by Great Britain, and in 1938 it became a dependency of the colony of St. Helena. An important meteorological and radio base was set up in 1942. The volcano, long dormant, erupted in 1961; the population was evacuated and transported to England. In 1962, however, the islanders decided to leave England and return to Tristan da Cunha, which they did the following year.


See A. Falk-Rønne, Back to Tristan (1967).

Tristan da Cunha


a British dependency consisting of four volcanic islands in the South Atlantic Ocean at 37°06’ S lat., 12°01’ W long. The islands were named for Tristäo da Cunha, the Portuguese navigator who discovered them.

Tristan da Cunha Island, the largest of the four islands, has an area of 117 sq km and a population of 271 (1969). The island is the cone of a volcano (elevation 2,060 m). Until 1961 the volcano seemed extinct; but in October of that year it erupted, and the entire population was evacuated. The inhabitants returned in 1963.

The economic activity of Tristan da Cunha includes fishing, the cultivation of vegetables, and seal and penguin hunting.

Tristan da Cunha

a group of four small volcanic islands in the S Atlantic, about halfway between South Africa and South America: comprises the main island of Tristan and the uninhabited islands of Gough, Inaccessible, and Nightingale; discovered in 1506 by the Portuguese admiral Tristão da Cunha; annexed to Britain in 1816; whole population of Tristan evacuated for two years after the volcanic eruption of 1961. Pop.: 284 (2003 est.). Area: about 100 sq. km (40 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tristan da Cunha has just 265 residents and sits some 1,750 miles off South Africa.
Tristan da Cunha, a UK Overseas Territory, is the world's remotest inhabited island with 265 residents.
Peter Millington's work on the song and dance tradition of the South Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha has led him to make an investigation of one particular song, 'Powder Monkey Jim', collected from Fred Swain in 1938.
Nick et Anna qui vivaient dans l'Ele de Tristan da Cunha, isolee au sud de l'Atlantique, avant qu'Anna ne decide de partir vers la Grande Bretagne pour poursuivre ses etudes.
As I write, it is "Not Yet Uhuru" for the following islands and city states: Ascension Island (UK), Saint Helena Island (UK); Tristan da Cunha Archipelago (UK), Bassas de India Atoll (France), Europa Island (France), Glorioso Islands (France), Iles Eparses (France), Juan de Nova Island (France), Mayotte Islands (France), Reunion Island (France), Tromelin Island (France), Canary Islands (Spain), Ceuta (Spain), and Madeira (Portugal).
Because there is no airport, Tristan da Cunha can only be reached by taking a six day journey from Cape Town.
The text is thoughtful and educational and takes us on a picaresque return journey from New York, taking in Tristan da Cunha, the Island of Desolation, Manila, the island of Papua, Madagascar and the Azores.
Having lost their mast in the middle of the south Atlantic the team had to seek haven in Tristan da Cunha - the most remote inhabited island on earth - and ended up marooned there for five days.
The positive spirit and inspirational values of the rural doctors collectively are tangible at a meeting such as this, as delegates exchanged stories and perspectives from dozens of isolated locations, 'from Tristan da Cunha, to Taung, to Mqanduli, to Ingwavuma, to Siteki'.
She has also taught in Tristan da Cunha, an island in the South Atlantic and a British overseas territory, Eritrea and at a school for emotionally disturbed in Scotland.
The new geomagnetic observatory is located on the island of Tristan da Cunha and was inaugurated on November 14 by the island's roughly 300 inhabitants and a few of the researchers on the project.
austroamericana, is described and illustrated from austral South America and from the Tristan da Cunha archipelago in the south-Atlantic Ocean.