Triuridaceae


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Triuridaceae

[trī‚yu̇r·ə′dās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of monocotyledonous plants in the order Triuridales distinguished by unisexual flowers and several carpels with one seed per carpel.
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In fact, the plant family Triuridaceae to which it belongs consists entirely of such mycoheterotrophs (fungus symbionts).
2014 Two new species of Sciaphila (Triuridaceae) from Sarawak (Borneo, Malaysia).
Contribution of pollen and tapetal characters to the systematics of Triuridaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 235: 209-218.
These include Agavaceae (agaves), Alismataceae (water plantains), Amaryllidaceae, Araceae (taro andyautia), Burmanniaceae, Cyclanthaceae, Dioscoreaceae (true yams), Eriocaulaceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Iridaceae, Juncaceae ** (the rush family), Liliaceae (onions, garlic, and asparagus), Pontederiaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Smilacaceae, and Triuridaceae.
3), donde comparte su habitat sombrio con otras dos plantas micoheterotrofas; Peltophyllum luteum Gardner (Triuridaceae) y Wullschlaegelia aphylla Rchb.
One of the most notable cases of this group is a saprophytic monocot plant lacking chlorophyll, Lacandonia schismatica, a member of the no-less-rare Triuridaceae family that was recently discovered in the Lacandon forest in Chiapas (southern Mexico).
In Triuridaceae the androecium is rarely reduced to one stamen (Maas-van de Kamer & Weustenfeld, 1998).
1994, Imhof and Weber 1997, Imhof 1997, Imhof 1999a), Triuridaceae (Imhof 1998a) and Burmanniaceae (Imhof 1999b, Imhof 1999c) it became evident that the mycorrhiza of these myco-heterotrophic plants are highly diverse, but have many features in common, suggesting an arbuscular mycorrhiza.
We cannot meaningfully understand why Petrosaviaceae and Triuridaceae lack vessels throughout the plant until we realize that the two families have probably lost vessels independently in response to the heteromycotrophic habit.
Kupea martinetugei, a new genus and species of Triuridaceae from western Cameroon.
1992.--Type: Triuris Miers; Triuridaceae Gardner, 1843.