trochanter

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Related to Trochanters: Trochanteric fossa

trochanter

[trō′kan·tər]
(anatomy)
A process on the proximal end of the femur in many vertebrates, which serves for muscle attachment and, in birds, for articulation with the ilium.
(invertebrate zoology)
The second segment of an insect leg, counting from the base.
References in periodicals archive ?
The third trochanter functions to provide an attachment area for the ascending tendon of the gluteus maximus.
22 Mystax white enigmatus Oldroyd, 1974 -- Mystax dark red-brown to black 23 23 Anterior region of mesonotum medially entirely pruinose or with a pair of short apruinose 'stripes' just anterior to transverse suture 24 -- Anterior region of mesonotum medially with apruinose stripes or broad band (coalesced stripes) 26 24 Anterior region of mesonotum medially usually entirely pruinose; trochanters somewhat brown agnostos sp.
The proper AP and lateral radiograph was sufficient for detection of the relation between the headneck fragment and trochanters.
The three other quads attach around the greater trochanter of the femur and just below it;
Apodeme 5 (ap5) originating from trochanter IV, making broad, not meeting apodeme 4 (ap4).
Legs mainly black and yellow; all coxae black with yellowish apices; all trochanters yellow; all femora black with yellow apices; tibiae black, about apical third of fore tibia and apex of hind femur yellow; fore tarsi yellowish but dorsal surface of tarsomeres darkened; mid and hind tarsi yellow but dorsal surface of last 2 tarsomeres of mid and hind tarsi darkened.
Legs dark brown above, medium brown below, except all trochanters yellowish brown.
Female paratype (MCZ 78876) in mm, length/width (length/ width ratio in parentheses): Leg I: trochanter 0.
As flexion of the proximal fragment will occur if the lesser trochanter remains attached to the proximal fragment, Hamilton-Russel traction may aid reduction, as it enables some degree of flexion of the distal femur, thereby aiding alignment.
2] levels measured at the greater trochanter during the operation are illustrated for two subjects (Figures 3 and 4).
The evaluation criteria for the AP pelvis with internal rotation requires demonstration of the femoral necks in their full extent without anteversion, the greater trochanters demonstrated equidistant to the edge of the film and, if seen, the lesser trochanters should be demonstrated on the medial border of the femurs.
Now the comminuted greater trochanter and separate lesser trochanteric fragments were reduced and fixed to shaft by tension band wire or cerclage wires, or ethibond (if several, comminuted) over the breath.