Ernst Troeltsch

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Troeltsch, Ernst


Born Feb. 17, 1865, in Haunstetten, near Augsburg; died Feb. 1, 1923, in Berlin. German Protestant theologian, philosopher, sociologist, and historian of religion.

Troeltsch taught at the universities of Bonn, Heidelberg, and Berlin. His religious and philosophical views grew out of liberal Protestantism. Following A. Ritschl, he attempted to elaborate a historical method of theology for analyzing the development of Christianity, especially Protestantism, as part of the total development of European culture. He asserted, as did I. Kant and F. Schleiermacher, the a priori nature of religious feelings and experiences. Influenced by M. Weber, Troeltsch stressed the importance of economics and institutions in the history of the Christian church. The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches (vols. 1–2,1912), which established Troeltsch as a founder of the sociology of religion, presented a typology of religious groups, such as the church, the sect, and the mystical community.

Toward the end of his life, Troeltsch published several works on the philosophy of history that were influenced by W. Dilthey’s “philosophy of life, ” the Baden school’s neo-Kantianism, and, to a lesser extent, the views of O. Spengler. In these works Troeltsch asserted the unique and nonrecurring nature of the historical process and the conception of culture as a continuous coming-into-being and individual totality. In ethics, Troeltsch considered the development of the individual human being as the supreme ethical principle of European culture, echoing the ideas of German classical humanism of the turn of the 19th century. This ethical position caused Troeltsch to move, in his final years, from neo-Kantianism to a personalist monadology (seePERSONALISM and MONAD).


Gesammelle Schriften, vols. 1–4. Tübingen, 1912–25.


Asmus, V. F. Marks i burzhuaznyi istorizm. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933.
Bodenstein, W. Neige des Historismus: E. Troeltschs Entwicklungsgang. [Gütersloh, 1959.] (Bibliography.)
Kasch, W. F. Die Sozialphilosophie von E. Troeltsch. Tübingen, 1963.
Lessing, E. Die Geschichtsphilosophie von E. Troeltschs. Hamburg, 1965.


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Con este fin, Joas propone prestar atencion al trabajo de Ernst Troeltsch via la reconstruccion del argumento principal de Der Historismus und seine Probleme en seis etapas.
Theologian Ernst Troeltsch, chronicling the relation of Christian denominations toward state and society, drew a famous distinction between "church" and "sect.
He begins with Benedict de Spinoza and ends with John Webster, and includes landmark contributions from Strauss, Kierkegaard, Troeltsch, Barth, Bultmann, Pope Pius XII (Divino afflante spiritu), Ebeling, de Lubac, Childs, Elisabeth Schiissler Fiorenza, and Paul Ricoeur.
En un interesante cierre de filas, el aristocrata conservador August von Trottzu Solz, quien era ministro aleman de Educacion y Artes; Ernst Troeltsch, teologo aleman y filosofo cultural, y Eduard Spranger, joven profesor de Filosofia y Educacion en la Universidad de Leipzig, abrieron la discusion sobre el futuro de las Ciencias de la Educacion como materia de las universidades con ocasion de la conferencia de Educacion que tuvo lugar en Berlin en mayo de 1917.
Sua equipe de colaboradores incluia nomes como Joseph Roth, Thomas Mann, Heinrich Mann, Ernst Troeltsch, Hans Delbruck, Robert Musil e Stefan Zweig (WEHLER 2003, p.
He wrote more clearly than did most of his colleagues, including Sombart, Tonnies, Troeltsch and his own brother, Alfred" (Roth, 1978: cvii).
With the emergence of Christianity we get a fundamental shift in the conception of humanity which the nineteenth century German Protestant theologian and philosopher Ernst Troeltsch identifies as man as an individual-in-relation-to-God: where all people are equal in the presence of God but where, at the same time, the (Catholic) Church emerges as a form of institutional link, a mediator, between the individual and the divine (Dumont, 1994).
TROELTSCH, Die Soziallehren der christlichen Kirchen und Gruppen, Tubinga, JCB Mohr, 1912, pp.
lt;<Hoy en dia el "despacho escatologico" esta cerrado gran parte del tiempo>>, observaba el estudioso protestante Troeltsch a principios del siglo XX (2), refiriendose al letargo que reinaba en este sector desde tiempo atras.
Since the 1970s, new religion has been the preferred scholarly nomenclature for a category of movements that American sociologists had earlier referred to as "cults," often as part of a Troeltsch - derived classification of "church," "sect," and "cult.