Troll, Wilhelm

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Troll, Wilhelm


Born Nov. 3, 1897, in Munich. German botanist. Member of the German Academy of Naturalists known as the Leopoldina. Brother of C. Troll.

Troll was a pupil of K. Goebel. He was a professor at the universities of Munich (1931), Halle (1932), and Mainz (1946). In 1967 he was made an honorary doctor of the University of Heidelberg. Troll’s works dealt principally with the comparative morphology of higher plants. He regarded the morphological type as the principle of structure (prototype) that lies at the basis of the multiplicity of forms. He counterposed the typological approach to the casual, or physiological, one.


Vergleichende Morphologie der höheren Pflanzen, vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1967.
Praktische Einführung in die Pflanzenmorphologie, parts 1–2. Jena, 1954–57.
Die Infloreszenzen, vols. 1–2. Jena, 1964–69.
Allgemeine Botanik, 4th ed. Stuttgart, 1973.


Kanaev, I.I. Ocherki iz istorii problemy morfologicheskogo tipe ot Darvina do nashikh dnei. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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