Truman Doctrine

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Truman Doctrine

 

a foreign policy statement of the government of the USA contained in an address to Congress by President H. Truman in March 1947. The Truman Doctrine assumed the force of law in May 1947, when Congress passed and the president signed legislation providing for the allocation during the fiscal year 1947–48 of $400 million in “aid” to Greece and Turkey to help those countries meet an alleged communist threat. Appropriate agreements were signed with Greece and Turkey on June 20 and July 12,1947, respectively.

The Truman Doctrine sought to contain the forces of democracy and socialism, which had grown in strength after World War II, by exerting continued pressure on the USSR and other socialist countries and by rendering support to reactionary forces and governments. The doctrine was invoked by the government of the USA to justify imperialist intervention in the internal affairs of other countries and to unleash the cold war, with its attendant world tensions. The program of extensive military aid initiated by the USA under the Truman Doctrine was subsequently included in various other assistance programs and was accompanied by the establishment on foreign soil of a network of American military bases.

REFERENCES

Inozemtsev, N. Vneshnioia politika SShA v epokhu imperializma. Moscow, 1960.
Department of State Bulletin, Supplement, May 4,1947, pp. 829–32.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Arabs objected to Truman's policy of immigration and support for the Balfour Declaration that would further encourage the aggressive political aims of Zionism.
According to Lawson it was not so much domestic Zionist pressure that motivated Truman's policy formulation on the Palestinians after the creation of Israel, but rather the need for stability.
To further highlight the degree to which parts of the Republican agenda were at odds with Truman's policy objectives, two of the seven domestic laws, Taft-Hartley and the income tax reduction of 1948, were passed over the president's veto.
As long as Truman's policy was ruled by his emotions and moral principles, there was little Acheson could do.(37)
He had persuaded Truman to support presidential candidate Kennedy despite the fact that as a Congressman Kennedy had attacked Truman's policy toward China (a fact Clifford conveniently forgets in his memoirs).
By relying on nuclear weapons, the Eisenhower administration was able to continue Truman's policy of modified containment.