The first step toward containing the Russians and instituting the yet-to-be-formalized Marshall Plan was the Truman Doctrine
, officially announced to Congress by the president in March 1947.
For those of us who came of age during the Cold War, our sense of history is punctuated by terms like the Marshall Plan, Iron Curtain, the Truman Doctrine
, Berlin Blockade, Cuban Missile Crisis, the Berlin Wall, McCarthyism, fallout shelters, and Mutual Assured Destruction.
It was left to Truman to sort out FDR's mess of contradiction and ambiguity, rescuing Western Europe from chaos and Soviet domination with Marshall Plan aid, the Truman Doctrine
, and the creation NATO, and thereby bringing the military and political aspects of U.
The Truman Doctrine
set forth America's intention to support democracies and oppose the spread of Communism around the world.
After a difficult two years of economic reconversion from a wartime economy and the country aware of a Soviet threat, Truman oversaw the beginning of the postwar prosperity and seized the foreign policy initiative with the Truman Doctrine
, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin Airlift; Eisenhower benefited from the mid-1950s boom and was able to find middle ground with the moderate congressional Democrats; Reagan reaped the benefits of his deep tax cuts and Paul Volcker's tight money policy as inflation cooled and the economy came booming back; Clinton, with his extraordinary dexterity, outmaneuvered the Republicans on government shutdowns, and accepted their ideas on welfare reform, capital gains reductions, and a balanced budget.
Soviet maneuvers in Turkey and Greece finally convinced Acheson that the Soviets were seriously imperialistic in their goals, and he strongly supported the ensuing Truman Doctrine
As a top State Department official from 1941-47 and as Truman's Secretary of State from 1949-53, Acheson shaped many of the key US foreign policy initiatives of those years, including the Truman Doctrine
, the Marshall Plan, the creation of NATO, the rebuilding of Germany and Japan, Franco-German reconciliation, America's intervention in the Korean War, and the subsequent decision to launch a massive expansion of US military power.
The only NATO country besides Norway to border the Soviet Union, Turkey was the first place the Truman Doctrine
of containing Communism was put into practice.
Hahn begins with the Truman Doctrine
of 1947 and works his way through to Pres.
As if in conformity with the law of averages, some of these advances made sense (the Truman Doctrine
, the creation of NATO, the Korean intervention), and others were foolish (Vietnam, Iran, Central America).
The authors also argue that the 'Bush Doctrine' has no really thought-out alternative and will, in the end, be triumphant as was the Truman Doctrine
Indeed, a convincing proof that a Democratic Party President cannot only intervene militarily, but can also pull the trigger, provide economic assistance and protect peace as confirmed by the Truman Doctrine
that led to Marshall Plan and set the basis for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), European Economic Union, and ultimately, the policies of containing Soviet aggressions.