Spratly Islands

(redirected from Truong Sa)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Truong Sa: Hoang Sa

Spratly Islands,

group of about 100 low islands and coral reefs in the central South China Sea, intersecting busy shipping lanes. The whole group is claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, and parts are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has established (1984) an exclusive economic zone encompassing Louisa Reef, but it has not claimed the islet. Various islands, valued primarily for the petroleum and gas potential of the surrounding waters and to a lesser degree for their fishing grounds, are occupied by their claimants. China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam all have forces there. There have been many disputes and some fighting, most notably between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels in 1988 and 1992, and the Spratlys remain a source of tension among the claimants. A 2002 agreement between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and China called for all claimants to avoid activities that would heighten tensions over the islands, but China, Taiwan, and other claimants have nonetheless improved a number of the islands and reefs so that they can support airstrips and other facilities. A 2016 ruling under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in a case that was initiated by the Philippines against China rejected China's main basis for its claim to the islands, and judged that none of the islands met the criteria required to entitle any claimant to an exclusive economic zone.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
'The aforementioned actions of China have not only seriously violated Vietnam's sovereignty over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos but also run counter to the agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the People's Republic of China; do not conform to the important common perceptions of the two countries' senior leaders on controlling sea-related disagreements; as well as disobey the solid development trend of bilateral relations.'
In its note verbale dated 13 June 2016, Vietnam stated that the two countries are under an obligation to settle their dispute over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagos and other disputes in the East Sea through peaceful means in accordance with international law.
From the seventeenth to the nineteenth century, Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) flotillas played an important role in the exploitation of the South China Sea under the Vietnamese feudal state of the Nguyen lords (1558-1777), the Tay Son (1778-1802), and the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945).
to get back Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Islands," activist Pham Van Troi told (https://au.news.yahoo.com/world/a/34226289/arrests-as-vietnam-breaks-up-anti-china-rally/#page1) Agence France-Presse , using Vietnamese names for the Paracels and the nearby Spratly Islands.
Stretching 1,800 miles from Sumatra to Taiwan, the South China Sea is larger than the Mediterranean and contains five zones of potential conflict, of which the most contentious dispute is over the Spratly Islands (referred to as Nansha by the Chinese, and the Truong Sa islands by the Vietnamese).
Vietnam asked China to stop illegal activities in the areas around Vietnam's Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagoes.
Vietnam has doggedly upheld its claim to the whole of the Paracel and Spratly areas (Hoang Sa and Truong Sa) and has spent considerable resources in modernizing its naval and air forces.
Vietnam and China fought a brief naval battle over the Spratlys, called Truong Sa in Vietnamese and Nansha in Chinese, as recently as 1988.
'We should recognize and differentiate the nature of the building activities on Truong Sa islands carried out by China and Vietnam in recent years.
Motorboats anchor at a partially submerged island of Truong Sa islands or Spratly islands in this April 18, 2010 picture.