Spratly Islands

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Related to Truong Sa: Hoang Sa

Spratly Islands,

group of about 100 low islands and coral reefs in the central South China Sea, intersecting busy shipping lanes. The whole group is claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, and parts are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has established (1984) an exclusive economic zone encompassing Louisa Reef, but it has not claimed the islet. Various islands, valued primarily for the petroleum and gas potential of the surrounding waters and to a lesser degree for their fishing grounds, are occupied by their claimants. China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam all have forces there. There have been many disputes and some fighting, most notably between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels in 1988 and 1992, and the Spratlys remain a source of tension among the claimants. A 2002 agreement between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and China called for all claimants to avoid activities that would heighten tensions over the islands, but China, Taiwan, and other claimants have nonetheless improved a number of the islands and reefs so that they can support airstrips and other facilities. A 2016 ruling under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in a case that was initiated by the Philippines against China rejected China's main basis for its claim to the islands, and judged that none of the islands met the criteria required to entitle any claimant to an exclusive economic zone.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In its note verbale dated 13 June 2016, Vietnam stated that the two countries are under an obligation to settle their dispute over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagos and other disputes in the East Sea through peaceful means in accordance with international law.
In the early 1990s, the socialist state turned its attention towards Ly Son Island as a source of information about the soldiers of the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.
Although the anniversary celebration of Hoang Sa and Truong Sa soldiers was included in commemorative projects, the state preferred to maintain a low profile for these ceremonies, as the whole issue of Paracel and Spratly was highly political.
Both have established a national mythology around the two "island groups", the Paracels and Spratlys, which the Chinese call Xisha and Nansha respectively, and the Vietnamese Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.
Vietnam considered the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes as two distinct territories rather than agglomerations of individual insular features, [35] and claimed that they, as island groups, had a right to continental shelves and 200-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zones.
People wait to board a boat at the shore of Truong Sa or Spratly islands in Bien Dong or South China Sea in this undated file photo.
Motorboats anchor at a partially submerged island of Truong Sa islands or Spratly islands in this April 18, 2010 picture.
China and Vietnam fought a brief naval battle over the Spratlys, called Truong Sa in Vietnamese and Nansha in Chinese, as recently as 1988.
He said : "Vietnam has historical evidence and legal ground to prove its sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagos as well as the sovereign right and jurisdiction over its exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in accordance with the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
He proposed regional cooperation measures like increasing naval links, establishing a naval hotline, holding joint patrols at sea, and organising exchanges among ASEAN forces stationed in islands of Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelago with the first one between Viet Nam and the Philippines.
The Vietnamese minister also proposed signing an agreement on not using forces before and during marine sovereignty disputes, especially among ASEAN countries that have deployed forces in Truong Sa archipelago.
The Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs has blasted China for introducing a map and declaring its so-called 12th Five-Year-Plan of National Oceanic Development, in which it claims power over Vietnam's Truong Sa (Paracel) and Hoang Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes.