(also Ts’ai Ho-shen). Born 1895; died 1932. Figure in the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The son of a poor peasant, Ts’ai left for France in 1919, where he organized among Chinese workers and students in Paris the Society for the Study of Socialism and a cell of the Chinese Socialist Youth League. He joined the CPC in 1921 and was deported from France for spreading communist propaganda. He became a member of the Central Committee of the CPC in 1922. Ts’ai was a leader of the anti-imperialist May 30 Movement of 1925 in Shanghai. He became a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC in 1927 and from 1929 to 1931 was a member of the delegation of the CPC under the Executive Committee of the Communist International in Moscow. In the summer of 1931 he was sent by the CPC to work as secretary of the party’s committee for Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces. Ts’ai was captured by the British police in Hong Kong, turned over to the Kuomintang, and executed.