Tsaldaris, Panayoti

Tsaldaris, Panayoti

(pänäyō`tē tsälthä`rēs), 1868–1936, Greek politician. A leader of the Populist (royalist) party, he succeeded Eleutherios VenizelosVenizelos, Eleutherios
, 1864–1936, Greek statesman, b. Crete. After studying at the Univ. of Athens, he returned to Crete and played a prominent part in the Cretan insurrection of 1896–97.
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 as premier in Nov., 1932, and again, after a brief return to power by Venizelos, in Mar., 1933. In 1935 the Venizelists rose against the royalist policy of Tsaldaris, but they were crushed by General KondylisKondylis, George
, 1879–1936, Greek general and statesman. He fought in the Balkan Wars and at Salonica in World War I. Entering politics in the turbulent postwar years, he served (1924–25) as minister of war and of the interior in the republican government.
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. Tsaldaris's government won in the 1935 elections, from which the republicans abstained; however, he was ousted by Kondylis in Oct., 1935. A relative of Tsaldaris, Constantine Tsaldaris, 1884–1970, leader of the Populist party, became (1946) the first elected postwar premier of Greece. He faded from prominence after 1951, when new elections dealt a severe blow to his party.
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