Tsarism


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Tsarism

 

(in Russian, samoderzhavie), the monarchical form of government in Russia under which the ruler—the tsar or emperor—had supreme power in legislation (ratification of bills) and high-level administration, including the appointment and dismissal of high-ranking officials, the control of central and local institutions and bodies of government, supreme command of the army and navy, and the control of finances. The ruler also had supreme power over the highest courts, including the power to approve sentences or pardon offenders.

Two stages can be distinguished in the history of tsarism. In the 16th and 17th centuries the monarch ruled together with the Boyar Duma and the boyar aristocracy; from the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th he ruled as an absolute monarch. Although the system of government was evolving toward a bourgeois monarchy, it remained autocratic until the February Bourgeois-Democratic Revolution of 1917. The last emperor, Nicholas II, officially abdicated on Mar. 2(15), 1917.

References in periodicals archive ?
(127) Thus by instituting this regimen of travel, tsarism caused discontent from two sides simultaneously.
Because the October commemorations were a celebration of the USSR, every major achievement was remembered: the defeat of tsarism, the victory of Stalingrad, the struggle for world peace.
negotiations, conferential tsarism remains an enduring, if
Gramsci was living in a time of great turbulence; where war and nationalism were rife and Tsarism, capitalism, social democracy and fascism were in a complex nexus of ideological struggle.
Dadao suxiu shehui diguozhuyi" [Smash new tsarism! Smash the Soviet revisionists' socialist imperialism].
Of course, the Bolsheviks were from the very beginning of the revolution openly hostile toward the Orthodox Church because of its conservative ideology and subservient relationship with Tsarism, and they were committed, as vigorous proponents of scientific rationalism, to the long-term eradication of religious faith of any kind.
instead of trying to recreate the lost glories of tsarism or the old Soviet Union.''
Brisbane: Vladimir Putin faces an icy reception at the G20 summit with Britain's David Cameron telling the Russian leader to stop bullying smaller states and Australia's Tony Abbott accusing him of trying to relive the "lost glories of tsarism".
To true believers, the "Third Rome" of Christian tsarism defended the divinely ordained old order against the threats of liberalism, socialism, nationalism and modernity.
Around the corner from the Kierkegaard family plot, a thicket of Russian Orthodox three-bar crosses marks the final resting place of those who fled Tsarism and Bolshevisma subtle reminder of Denmark's historic generosity to non-Danes.
Ambassador David Roland Francis and the fall of tsarism, 1916-17.
played a vital role in overthrowing tsarism, primarily due to the