Tsarskii Kurgan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tsarskii Kurgan

 

a burial monument of the fourth century B.C., located 4 km from Kerch’. The Tsarskii kurgan apparently belonged to one of the Bosporan kings. It was excavated in 1837 by A. Ashik and had been robbed in antiquity. The structure, found under an embankment of layers of earth, seaweed, and stone, is a stone vault with a rectangular plan measuring 4.24 m × 4.4 m; it has a height of 8.37 m. It is covered by a stepped conical dome of concentrically arranged masonry. The vault was entered through a dromos measuring 36 m in length, 2.8 m in width, and as much as 7.14 m in height, with a stepped roof of rusticated blocks.

The Tsarskii kurgan is a monument of ancient architecture. The vault is open for viewing.

REFERENCE

Tsvetaeva, G. A. Sokrovishcha Prichernomorskikh kurganov. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.