Yoshkar-Ola

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Yoshkar-Ola

or

Ioshkar-Ola

(both: yəshkär'əlä`), city (1989 pop. 242,000), capital of Mari El, E central European Russia. Manufactures include pharmaceuticals and agricultural machinery. The city was founded in 1578 as a Russian outpost.

Yoshkar-Ola

a city in Russia, capital of the Mari El Republic. Pop.: 260 000 (2005 est.)