Tsigai Sheep

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tsigai Sheep


a breed of semifine-fleece sheep raised for wool and meat. In appearance and wool quality, the Tsigai sheep resembles the Merino. The breed was developed in antiquity, but its exact origin has not been determined. It was brought to Europe from Asia Minor; it was brought to Russia in the early 19th century.

Rams raised primarily for wool and secondarily for meat weigh 85–95 kg, and ewes, 45–50 kg. The wool, of 48–56 quality, is 8–10 cm long. The wool clip is 6.5–7.5 kg for rams and 3.5–4.5 kg for ewes. The yield of washed wool is 56–58 percent. Tsigai sheep raised primarily for meat are somewhat larger. The wool, of 46–56 quality, is 10–12 cm long. The wool clip is 7.5–8.5 kg for rams and 4–4.5 kg for ewes. The wool is elastic, strong, and with low feltability. It is suitable for the manufacture of commercialgrade cloth and knitted goods. The pelts are used for the manufacture of fur articles. The Tsigai sheep matures early and gains weight and fattens rapidly. Ewes are characterized by a high degree of fertility and a large milk yield.

The Tsigai sheep are very adaptable. They are raised in Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Rumania. In the USSR they are raised in the southern Ukraine, in Moldavia, and in Rostov, Saratov, Orenburg, Kuibyshev, and Aktiubinsk oblasts.


Ivanov, M. F. Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow, 1964.
Ovtsevodstvo, vol. 2. Edited by G. R. Litovchenko and P. A. Esaulov. Moscow, 1972.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The genetic variability of Hungarian Tsigai sheep. Arch.
Fat and protein content of Tsigai sheep were slightly higher or almost the same than those reported for Slovenian breeds (Komprej et al., 2011) and Greek Sfakia dairy sheep (Volanis et al., 2002).
The comparison of heritability and variance ratios estimated for fat and protein content in Tsigai sheep with those found in literature is not easy since different models are reported.
Similarly to daily milk yield (Oravcova, 2014), the trend in genetic correlations confirmed that fat and protein content in different months of lactation of Tsigai sheep are not genetically the same traits since they are less than unity between distinct months of lactation (Swalve, 1995; Komprej et al., 2011).
Genetic variability of body weight, fleece weight and staple length in purebred Tsigai sheep at the Kraimori APK near Burgas.
Production levels vary greatly among countries and regions which rear Tsigai sheep (Kusza et al., 2008).
Genetic differentiation between the Old and New types of Serbian Tsigai sheep. Genet.
Effect of using melatonin implants on postpartum reproductive indices in Tsigai sheep breed.
(1989) found average fleece weight as 4.99, 3.94 and 4.56 kg in different age groups for Tsigai sheep, Barina et al.
Phenotypic variation in fleece weight and wool fineness in Tsigai sheep. Zbornik Radova, Institut za Stocarstvo, Nova Sad.