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, city (1994 est. pop. 1,659,900), capital of Shandong prov., E China. It lies 3 mi (4.8 km) S of the Huang He (Yellow River) and is a railroad junction on the network linking Shanghai and Nanjing with Tianjin; it has connections to Qingdao and Yantai.
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a city in East China, on the Huang Ho. Capital of Shantung Province. Population, 1.1 million (1970). Tsinan is a rail and highway junction and a major transshipping point. The food-processing industry is represented by, for example, a flour mill, a vegetable-oil mill, a meat-packing plant, and an alcohol plant. The city also has a paper industry and a textile industry (including the manufacture of rugs). Tsinan is a major national center for the production of rubber goods, including rubber footwear. The city’s machine-building industry produces machine tools, locomotives, and equipment for the textile and food-processing industries; there is a plant that manufactures heavy trucks and a motor-vehicle repair plant. The city has chemical and petrochemical industries. A metallurgical plant is located in the city. Tsinan has a university and industrial, agricultural, and medical academies.