Tsinling Mountains

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tsinling Mountains


mountains in southeastern China, occupying the South China Platform. The Tsinling Mountains form an arc that bulges out in the southeast. They include the Nanling and Wishan ranges, with a total length of about 2,000 km, as well as the mountain massifs situated between the ranges and the valley of the lower Yangtze River. The prevalent elevations are 800–1,000 m; the highest point is 2,158 m.

The axial zones of the ranges are composed chiefly of granites and other crystalline rocks; limestones, sandstones, and argillaceous schists occur along the periphery. Karst is developed. “Mushrooms,” “columns,” and other weathering forms are typical in the granites and sandstones. The stepped slopes are dissected by a labyrinth-like network of river valleys, chiefly belonging to the Yangtze River basin. Annual precipitation is 1,300–1,700 mm, falling primarily in the summer.

The Tsinling Mountains are an important climatic barrier, to the north of which subtropical landscapes predominate, and to the south, tropical landscapes. Broad-leaved forests of oak, elm, hornbeam, and beech occur on the northern slopes. On the southern slopes there are forests in which evergreen species predominate, such as laurels, magnolias, and camellias.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis (Qinling lenok), as a critically endangered salmonid fish, is only found in Weihe and Hanjing Rivers tributaries(cold freshwater) in Tsinling Mountains, China (Sze-Chung, 1966).
Based on Nei' genetic distance and phylogenetic tree, the highest divergence was between the TB and LX populations (D=0.2640), while the lowest divergence was between TB and YX populations (D=0.0014) which all located at the foot of the south of Tsinling mountains (Table VII).
lenok, survived in the Tsinling Mountains (Yu and Kwak, 2015).
Resource survey report of Brachumystax lenok tsilingensis in Qinhe river valleys of Tsinling Mountains. J.
The distributing actuality and protecting countermeasure of rare aquatic animal in Xushui River of Tsinling Mountains. J.
Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis (Salmonidae) is an indigenous and endangered cold-water fish in Tsinling mountain, China, and only is distributed as spot in the Weihe River and Hanjiang River among Tsinling mountain, To access relationship of populations from the two rivers and the genetic diversity of wild population, 11 microsatellite loci were firstly used to evaluate the genetic characterization using 120 samples from 2 tributaries (ZZ and LX populations) of the Weihe river and 2 tributaries (YX and TB population) of Hanjiang river.
The Tsinling Mountain is an east-west trending south vergent mountain, which has been recognized as the geo-ecological boundary between subtropical and warm-temperate zones.
One hundred and twenty samples of fin tissues were collected from 4 different tributaries in the northern and southern of Tsinling Mountain between May and September 2015 (Fig.
lenok tsinlingensis in the southern of Tsinling Mountain before long years ago, and in the 1980s, the fish were migrated to the tributaries of Yangtze River by the local peasant in Zhouzhi town, these isolation habitats induced changes in population genetic structure.
Chinese researchers reported wild giant pandas in Wolong Mountains daily consumed 12.8 kg of fresh bamboo (leaf and culm), or 38 kg of Fargesiarobusta Yi bamboo shoots; giant pandas in Tsinling Mountains daily consumed 10-15 kg of Bashaniafargesii bamboo or 45.2-57 kg of bamboo shoots; giant pandas in Liangshan Mountains daily consumed 21.3 kg of bamboo in the summer and 17.37 kg of Qiongzhueamacrophylla bamboo in the autumn; In the case of captive giant pandas, it was reported that they daily takes about 15 kg of bamboo (Hu 2001).