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Tsushima(tso͞o`shēmä), two Japanese islands in Korea Strait. The islands are rocky, and fishing is the main occupation. Nearby, in May, 1905, occurred the major naval battle of the Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War,
1904–5, imperialistic conflict that grew out of the rival designs of Russia and Japan on Manchuria and Korea. Russian failure to withdraw from Manchuria and Russian penetration into N Korea were countered by Japanese attempts to negotiate a division of
..... Click the link for more information. . The Russian Baltic fleet, under command of Admiral Rozhdestvenski, suffered nearly total disaster in its encounter with the Japanese fleet under Count Togo. Only a few of the Russian ships escaped to neutral ports or reached their destination (Vladivostok); the majority were sunk or captured. It was in this battle that naval radio was first used (by Count Togo). The defeat convinced Russia that further struggle was hopeless, and in August a treaty of peace was signed at Portsmouth, N.H.
a group of islands in the Korea Strait, part of Japan. The islands, the largest of which are Kamino-shima and Shi-mono-shima, have a total area of 700 sq km and a population of 57,000 (1973). The predominantly hilly and low-mountain terrain reaches a maximum elevation of 649 m on Shimono-shima. The islands’ coasts are sharply indented. There are meadows and tracts of broad-leaved forests. The mainstay of the economy is agriculture (potatoes, grain, rice) and fishing. The largest towns on Shimono-shima are Mitsushima and Izuhara. In 1905 the battle of Tsushima was fought near here.