Zion

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Zion

(zī`ən) or

Sion

(sī`ən), section of JerusalemJerusalem
, Heb. Yerushalayim, Arab. Al Quds, city (1994 pop. 578,800), capital of Israel. East Jerusalem is also claimed by Palestinians as a future capital, and most nations have not formally recognized the city as the capital of Israel in the belief that its
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, defined in the Bible as the City of David. Originally the name referred to the Jebusite fortress conquered by David, on the southeastern hill of Jerusalem. Zion was later applied to the hill where the Temple stood, and in turn came to denote the Temple area itself. Zion is symbolic of Jerusalem, of the Promised Land, of Israel's hope of returning to Palestine (hence the term ZionismZionism,
modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine. Early Years

The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th cent.
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), and of heaven or God's dwelling-place with his people.

Zion

(zī`ən), city (1990 pop. 19,775), Lake co., extreme NE Ill., on Lake Michigan; inc. 1902. Largely residential, the city has some light industry. Zion was founded in 1901 by John Alexander DowieDowie, John Alexander
, 1847–1907, founder of the Christian Catholic Church, b. Scotland. He emigrated (1860) to Australia, where he was ordained as a Congregational minister.
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, the Scottish founder of the Christian Catholic Church. Until 1935 the city was a communal society with a theocratic government; the church remains an important force there. Of note are the huge Zion Hotel (1902), and Shiloh House (1902), the mansion built for the Dowie family. Illinois Beach State Park is nearby.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zion

 

a hill in Jerusalem where, according to a Biblical myth, the residence of King David and the temple of god (Yahweh) were located. Hence in Judaism the word “Zion” came to symbolize people “devoted to god.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zion

, Sion
1. the hill on which the city of Jerusalem stands
2. Judaism
a. the ancient Israelites of the Bible
b. the modern Jewish nation
c. Israel as the national home of the Jewish people
3. Christianity heaven regarded as the city of God and the final abode of his elect
4. 
a. a religious community or its site, regarded as chosen by God and under his special protection
b. an ideal theocratic community, esp any of the Christian Churches regarded as such a community
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005