Tu Mu

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tu Mu


Born 803, in Sian; died 853. Chinese poet.

Tu Mu, the son of an official, was influenced by the literature of Tu Fu. He created the models for verse lampoons, love lyrics (“At Parting”), nature sketches (“A Stroll in the Mountains” and “Autumn Evening”), and rhythmic prose. The didactic “Song of the Afang Palace,” in which Tu Mu allegorically foretells the death of the monarch as a result of his lack of concern for his subjects, is of particular interest. Tu Mu’s poems (for example, “My Anguish”) often contain pessimistic motifs. His work, in terms of perfection of form, ranks among the major achievements of T’ang poetry.


Tu Mu Shih hsuan. Peking, 1957.
In Russian translation:
InAntologiia kitaiskoi poezii, [vol.] 2. Moscow, 1957.


Chingkuo wenhsueh shih, vol. 1. Peking, 1959.
Tang shih yenchiu lunwen chi. Peking, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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"W ba b l si s tu mu"dr d i Ci C a fi f r"le l a pl p "One, our defenders cannot dribble the ball out (ala Ciaran Clark for Austria's first goal) "The other is when we are leading in a game, the young players must be calmer.
Tu Mu (803-53), who held official posts at court and in the provinces but never in the army, liked to discuss military affairs and strategy, as evidenced in his "Discourse on War" ("Chan-lun") and "Discourse on Defense" ("Shou-lun") in addition to his annotations of The Art of War of Sun-tzu (Sun-tzu ping-fa).(17) In 843, when Li Te-yu (787-850), then chief minister, was conducting a punitive military action against the rebellious military governor Liu Chen (d.
The fact that both Tu Mu and Chang Yueh were poets, strategists, and wei-ch'i lovers--they both played against national experts--is telling:(19) for men of all ranks, weich'i combined and stimulated their literary and military interests.
17 Tu mu's annotations and commentary are included in Kuo Hua-jo, ed., Shih-i-chia chu Sun-tzu (Hong Kong: Chung-hua, 1988).
Some historians regarded Tu Mu's letter highly, attributing Li Te-yu's victory over Liu Chen to the adoption of Tu Mu's strategies; see Hsin T'ang-shu (Peking: Chung-hua, 1975), 166.5097, and Tzu-chih t'ung-chien (Peking: Chung-hua, 1963), 247.7983.
Chang cites the gazetteer six times in his diary; 16 along with the poems of HsU Hun [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED], Tu Fu [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED] and Tu Mu [UNKNOWN TEXT OMITTED], it was one of his chief documentary sources for the study of Ch'ang-an.
Locals tell him that the T'ang poet Tu Mu (803-53) once grew melons there.
According to Miao Yueh, Tu Mu spent time at his grandfather's villa as a child and evidently remembered the spot with pleasure throughout his adulthood and long after various official postings had compelled him to leave the Capital Area.
Otwe uya tu mu shiive nawa eshi twa alukila koNamibia.