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Tuapse (to͞oəpsyĕˈ), city (1989 pop. 63,100), Krasnodar Territory, SE European Russia, on the Black Sea. It is a major petroleum port and the terminal of the pipeline from the Grozny oil fields. The city refines oil, manufactures equipment for the oil industry, and repairs ships. Tuapse was founded as a fortress in 1838.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under krai jurisdiction and administrative center of Tuapse Raion, Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR. Port on Tuapse Bay, an inlet of the Black Sea (see). Railroad station on the Armavir-Tbilisi line. Highway junction. Population, 61,000 (1975; 30,000 in 1939).

Tuapse originated as a settlement around the Russian military fortress of Vel’iaminovskii (founded 1838). It became the settlement of Vel’iaminovskii in 1871 and the urban-type settlement of Tuapse (named after the Tuapse River), the administrative center of an okrug in the Black Sea Province, in 1896. It has been a city since 1916. Soviet power was established in Tuapse on Nov. 3 (16), 1917. The city was captured by White Guard troops and was finally liberated in March 1920. In 1937 it became part of Krasnodar Krai. In September 1942, during the Great Patriotic War, fascist German troops were halted on the approaches to Tuapse (seeCAUCASUS: The Battle for the Caucasus, 1942–43). The city was heavily damaged by fascist air raids; it was restored after the war.

Tuapse has a petroleum refinery, machine-building and ship-repair plants, a machine shop, a plant for the production of reinforced-concrete articles, and a footwear factory. The food industry is represented by a meat-packing plant, a bread-baking combine, a winery, a brewery, a milk plant, and a fish cannery. The city’s educational and cultural institutions include a marine hy-drometeorological technicum, a pedagogical school, and a museum of local lore.


Tuapse. [Krasnodar, 1958].
Tuapse i Tuapsinskii raion (Istoriia, priroda, ekonomika, i kraevede-nie). [Krasnodar, 1967].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reduction was caused by equipment maintenance works carried out at the Tuapse refinery in February-March 2019 as well as units optimization in the context of the current petroleum products demand.
Witnesses rushed to help the couple and both of them were taken to the Tuapse District hospital in Novomikhailovsky settlement, according to (https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7330258/harrowing-moment-parasailing-couple-are-electrocuted-by-overhead-power-lines-before-crashing-100ft-onto-crowded-russian-beach/) the Sun .
In January 2018, SOCAR signed a deal with the Vienna-based Cetracore Energy oil trading company and its shareholder, Russia's Rosneft oil company and started to export Russian oil products from the Black Sea port of Tuapse city.
On the plot from Tuapse to Adler in the last 50 years the volume of the beach belt had decreased from 14 to 5 million cubic meters.
Many in the group may not even be sure exactly why they have undertaken this so-called "practice" journey between the towns of Tuapse and Uch Dere on the Black Sea.
-The 1.05m b/d Black Sea terminals, mainly Novorossiysk and Tuapse.
However, Tuapse, Poti, and other smaller bases along the southern Caucasian coast of the Black Sea were never captured by the Germans; having failed to eliminate the Soviet naval forces completely, the Germans never obtained full control of the Black Sea.
It will also sell up to 1.44 million tonnes of diesel to BP worth up to $1.77 billion from the Black Sea port of Tuapse; up to 2 million tonnes of fuel oil to BP worth as much as $1.62 billion from the Baltic port of Ust - Luga; and up to 60,000 tonnes of naphtha worth $65 million from Tuapse.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and the Tbilisi-Supsa pipelines compete with the Russian Caspian pipeline, having its terminals at Novorosiisk and Tuapse. Ankara tries to develop the Kirkuk (Irak)-Ceylan and Nabucco routes.