Tubruq


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Tubruq

 

(Tobruk), a city in Libya on the coastal highway. Population, approximately 55,000 (1974). Tubruq is a port on the Mediterranean Sea. Spices and hand-crafted articles are produced in the city. In 1976 construction of an oil refinery began near Tubruq in its satellite city, the oil port of Marsa al-Hariqa (freight turnover, 6.4 million tons in 1974).

During the North African Campaigns of 1941–43, Tubruq was an important strong point in Cyrenaica. On Jan. 22,1941, after a nine-day siege, it was occupied by an Australian division; 30,000 prisoners, 236 guns, and 37 tanks were seized. From Apr. 11 to Dec. 10, 1941, Tubruq was defended by the Australian division (later replaced by a British division) and a Polish brigade; this support enabled the city to withstand an eight-month siege by Italian and German troops. On June 21,1942, the city was seized by fascist German troops. After General E. Rommel’s German Africa Corps was defeated at El Alamein on Nov. 13,1942, Tubruq was liberated by British troops. From 1951 to 1969 it was the residence of King Idris I.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tubruq, where the new cases were reported, is approximately 125 km from the Egyptian border and was the scene of previous plague cases decades ago, Jabbour said.
Jalu and the central-line sites near Tubruq (Tobruk) are situated on flat terrain with a gravel-and-sand surface that has been "varnished" by centuries of wind.
Meanwhile, the UN mission in Libya condemned the suicide attack which targeted the parliament, injuring at least 18 people, including three MPs in the eastern city of Tubruq.
Tripoli' Libya is embarked to build two new oil refineries in Tubruq in the east and in Ubari in the southwest, Prime Minister Ali Zeidan revealed on Wednesday.
In his weekly press briefing, Zeidan said his cabinet had approved the two oil refinery projects including the one in Tubruq at a capacity of 300,000 barrels per day.
Tubruq refinery will be able to meet most of the fuel and other needed refined goods in eastern Libya.
TRIPOLI, Dec 30 (KUNA) -- At least 18 people were injured, including three MPs, in a suicide attack against the Libyan parliament building in the eastern city of Tubruq on Tuesday, medical sources and MPs said.
He added that after cleaning, repairing and building new facilities at Tripoli port his ministry will move to repair other ports such as those of Benghazi, Khumis, Misurata, Tubruq, Zuwara and Zawia among others.
CAIRO, Dec 30 (KUNA) -- Arab Parliament President Ahmad Al-Jarwan condemned the suicide attack against the Libyan parliament building in the eastern city of Tubruq, which injured at least 18 people including three MPs on Tuesday.