Tubruq


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Tubruq

 

(Tobruk), a city in Libya on the coastal highway. Population, approximately 55,000 (1974). Tubruq is a port on the Mediterranean Sea. Spices and hand-crafted articles are produced in the city. In 1976 construction of an oil refinery began near Tubruq in its satellite city, the oil port of Marsa al-Hariqa (freight turnover, 6.4 million tons in 1974).

During the North African Campaigns of 1941–43, Tubruq was an important strong point in Cyrenaica. On Jan. 22,1941, after a nine-day siege, it was occupied by an Australian division; 30,000 prisoners, 236 guns, and 37 tanks were seized. From Apr. 11 to Dec. 10, 1941, Tubruq was defended by the Australian division (later replaced by a British division) and a Polish brigade; this support enabled the city to withstand an eight-month siege by Italian and German troops. On June 21,1942, the city was seized by fascist German troops. After General E. Rommel’s German Africa Corps was defeated at El Alamein on Nov. 13,1942, Tubruq was liberated by British troops. From 1951 to 1969 it was the residence of King Idris I.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tubruq, where the new cases were reported, is approximately 125 km from the Egyptian border and was the scene of previous plague cases decades ago, Jabbour said.
most of them, on the Auaghir tribe territory around Bengazi; 3 close to Tolmetta (Tolmaytha); 4 between Hamma and Darna; 1 at Tobruk (Tubruq) and 1 close to Egyptian border in Bardia (El-Bardiya).
William Platt, advancing from Sudan, he received the surrender of the main Italian forces at Amba Alagi (near Gonder) (May 18); sent to Egypt to command the new Eighth Army (replacing the old Western Desert Force) (August), he directed the beginning of an offensive aimed at the relief of Tobruk (Tubruq), Operation CRUSADER (November 18-December 20); stalled at Sidi Rezegh (near Tubruq) airfield, he was outmaneuvered by Rommel and contemplated withdrawal, but he was relieved by Auchinleck and replaced by Gen.
Meanwhile, the UN mission in Libya condemned the suicide attack which targeted the parliament, injuring at least 18 people, including three MPs in the eastern city of Tubruq. MP Essa Araibi, in a statement to KUNA, said a suicide attacker was driving a booby-trapped SUV attacked the parliament building in Dar Al-Salam Hotel in Tubruq.
Tripoli' Libya is embarked to build two new oil refineries in Tubruq in the east and in Ubari in the southwest, Prime Minister Ali Zeidan revealed on Wednesday.
In his weekly press briefing, Zeidan said his cabinet had approved the two oil refinery projects including the one in Tubruq at a capacity of 300,000 barrels per day.
Tubruq refinery will be able to meet most of the fuel and other needed refined goods in eastern Libya.
CAIRO, Dec 30 (KUNA) -- Arab Parliament President Ahmad Al-Jarwan condemned the suicide attack against the Libyan parliament building in the eastern city of Tubruq, which injured at least 18 people including three MPs on Tuesday.
Minister Abdulqader said 'the only way to rebuild this destroyed country is by working hard at all levels.' He added that after cleaning, repairing and building new facilities at Tripoli port his ministry will move to repair other ports such as those of Benghazi, Khumis, Misurata, Tubruq, Zuwara and Zawia among others.
TRIPOLI, Dec 30 (KUNA) -- At least 18 people were injured, including three MPs, in a suicide attack against the Libyan parliament building in the eastern city of Tubruq on Tuesday, medical sources and MPs said.