The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(self-designation, Pihsiehk’a), a people in China. The T’uchia, who live in Hunan and Hupeh provinces, number 549,000 (1953 census). Their origin is traced to peoples of the Ti-beto-Burman linguistic group. The T’uchia are highly sinicized and speak Chinese; they have retained only a few traits of their original culture. Their primary occupations are forestry (tung tree and tea) and the farming of rice, corn, and sweet potatoes.


Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.