Tuchini

Tuchini

 

participants in a peasant movement of the 1380’s in the County of Savoy, which comprised parts of what is now northwestern Italy, southeastern France, and Switzerland; the rebellion spread throughout the southern part of the county. The insurrectionists opposed feudal oppression, which had increased in the 14th century, and the numerous compulsory services and restrictions associated with vassalage; they destroyed castles, and they tried and executed their seigniors.

In 1387 the largest peasant bands were crushed by an army of knights; individual outbreaks of the rebellion, however, continued to occur until the early 1390’s. In the summer of 1387, Amadeus VII of Savoy made several concessions to the peasants, including the reduction of corvée obligations and the abolition of mortmain (the seigneurial right to confiscate part of a deceased peasant’s property) and formariage (the obligation to obtain the seignior’s permission in order to marry outside one’s social group or outside the lord’s domain); in 1391, however, the seigneurial rights were restored.

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