Kurt Tucholsky

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Tucholsky, Kurt

 

Born Jan. 1, 1890, in Berlin; died Dec. 21, 1935, in Hindas, near Göteborg, Sweden. German poet and publicist.

Tucholsky studied law at the universities of Berlin and Jena. His first work was published in 1907. He served as a soldier on the Eastern Front from 1915 to 1918. In 1929 he moved to Sweden. In 1933, Tucholsky’s books were burned by the German Nazis, and Tucholsky was deprived of German citizenship. He committed suicide in a state of depression.

Tucholsky’s works include the novella Reinsberg: A Picture Book for Those in Love (1912), the collections of satirical miniatures and poems Pious Chants (1919), With Five Horsepower (1927), Mona Lisa’s Smile (1929), Deutschland, Deutschland, Über Alies (1929), and Learn to Laugh Without Crying (1931), and the sentimental ironic novel Gripsholm Castle (1931). In these works, Tucholsky ridiculed the average German and exposed the bourgeois way of life, chauvinism, and militarism; he was also critical of the world’s tolerance of fascism.

WORKS

Gessammelte Werke, vols. 1–3. [Hamburg] 1960–61.
[Auswahl] vols. 1–6. Berlin, 1972–74.

REFERENCES

Lembrikova, B. S. “Satiricheskie novelly K. Tukhol’skogo.” In the collection Literatura i estetika. Leningrad, 1960.
Schulz, K. P. K. Tucholsky, 4th ed. Hamburg, 1963.
Kleinschmidt, K. K. Tucholsky. Leipzig, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Kurt tucholsky elementary school, Kruppstr.
(4) Particularly after 1925, references to Wallace abounded in writings on crime fiction (Tucholsky 229; Mann 1).
El pasado 20 de noviembre el Pen Club sueco galardono su obra con el Premio Tucholsky, que recompensa a novelistas perseguidos.
Her friends were all German Jews, and together they listened to German records, sang German songs, and recited Faust or Tucholsky. (115)
In 1921 Kurt Tucholsky, a left-wing intellectual, claimed that "Germans had two passions: beer and antisemitism." He added that "the beer was twenty-eight proof, but the antisemitism was a hundred proof." There were numerous anti-Semitic publications that abounded in Germany including the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion," which was brought to Germany by Alfred Rosenberg, a refugee from the Baltic part of the Russian Empire, who became a Nazi leader.
The German satirist Kurt Tucholsky once expressed the cynicism of war by having a French diplomat joke in the wake of World War I: "The death of a single human: that's a tragedy.
(9) "I am a discontinued German," the journalist Kurt Tucholsky wrote to a friend during these years.
Tambien cita Reich-Ranicki a los defensores, en Alemania, del critico literario, como el divino Lessing, Friedrich Schlegel o al imperturbable Tucholsky, quien advertia al publico y a su editor que, como critico, queria destruir lo mismo a la persona que a la obra (2) Descalificaciones a las que habria que agregar la burlona de Walser contra Reich-Ranicki en La muerte de un critico: "si el Nazareno sufrio por los pecados de la humanidad, el critico sufre por los pecados de los escritores".
Smith's discussion of the spaces of the cinema and the cabaret (as filtered through the perspectives of Brecht, Kracauer, Tucholsky and others) effectively extends the arguments regarding the role of women in Weimar culture.
La gravedad radica en lo que sostenia el escritor Kurt Tucholsky: "Un pais no se destaca unicamente por lo que hace, sino tambien por lo que es capaz de tolerar".
Faced with playoff elimination, two Central Washington players, Mallorie Holtman and Liz Wallace, carried their opponent, Sara Tucholsky, the rest of the way so her home run would count.
Las criticas al sistema judicial de la Republica por parte de Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935), la representacion del Berlin de entreguerras en la obra de Alfred Doblin (1878-1957) (especialmente en su novela Berlin Alexanderplatz), asi como el enfrentamiento entre los hermanos Mann, sirven de ejemplos para destacar la fina linea que separa la literatura de la politica.