Tucson

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Related to Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona, Saguaro National Park

Tucson

(to͞o`sŏn'), city (1990 pop. 405,390), seat of Pima co., SE Ariz.; inc. 1877. Situated in a desert plain surrounded by mountains, Tucson is an important and growing transportation and tourist center; its dry, sunny, and hot climate attracts vacationers and health seekers. An international airport is there. The city has missile-systems, electronics, optics, and biotechnology research industries, and serves as the processing and distribution center for the cotton and livestock raised in the area and for the many mining (chiefly copper) operations. Machinery; electronic and communications equipment; textiles; and metal, plastic, paper, and rubber products are manufactured.

The first Spanish settlers arrived in the late 17th cent., and in 1700, Father Eusebio KinoKino, Eusebio Francisco
, c.1644–1711, missionary explorer in the American Southwest, b. Segno, in the Tyrol. He was in 1669 admitted to the Jesuit order. A distinguished mathematician, he observed the comet of 1680–81 at Cádiz, publishing his results in his
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 founded Mission San Xavier del Bac 9 mi (14.5 km) south of the Native American village of Tucson. The city was established (1776) as a walled presidio. Tucson became a military border post of New Spain, of Mexico, and, after its transfer under the Gadsden PurchaseGadsden Purchase
, strip of land purchased (1853) by the United States from Mexico. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) had described the U.S.-Mexico boundary vaguely, and President Pierce wanted to insure U.S.
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, of the United States. It served as territorial capital from 1867 to 1877. In 1873, Fort Lowell was built 2 mi (3.2 km) north of the city. The Southern Pacific RR (see Southern Pacific CompanySouthern Pacific Company,
transportation system chartered (1865) in California and later reincorporated in Kentucky (1885) and Delaware (1947). Small railroads—known collectively as the Southern Pacific—were built and merged after 1865 in S California to provide
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) arrived in 1880.

Among the city's many points of interest are the "Old Adobe" (1868); Colossal Cave; Fort Lowell (reconstructed, now a museum); and the beautiful nearby San Xavier mission (present building erected 1783–97); and many fine vernacular mid-century modern structures. Tucson has a symphony orchestra as well as opera and ballet companies. Museums include the Tucson Museum of Art, the Univ. of Arizona Museum of Art, and the Arizona Historical Society Museum, and the city is the seat of the Univ. of Arizona. A fiesta and rodeo is held each February, and several major-league baseball teams have spring training camps in the area. Tucson Mountain Park—with "Old Tucson Studios," a movie-set replica, and the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum—and Saguaro National Park are to the west, and the Titan Missile Museum is to the south. Nearby military installations are the large Davis-Monthan Air Force Base and U.S. Fort Huachuca, an army electronics proving ground, with strategic communications headquarters and an intelligence school.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tucson

 

a city in the southwestern USA, on the Santa Cruz River, in Arizona. Population, 285,000 (1974). Tucson is a transportation junction and the center of a region that supports irrigated farming and the pasturing of livestock. Copper, complex metal ores, and uranium are mined nearby. The city has enterprises of the aerospace, radio-electronics, metalworking, food-processing, and nonferrous metallurgical industries. Tucson is a climatic health resort. A university is located in the city.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tucson

a city in SE Arizona, at an altitude of 700m (2400 ft.): resort and seat of the University of Arizona (1891). Pop.: 507 658 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The demonstration, held in Tucson, Arizona, linked the Tomahawk Block IV cruise missile, the Joint Standoff Weapon (Jsow) and the Maverick Lock On After Launch missile with the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System command and control system and the Integrated Real-Time Tactical Targeting System.
To prevent a similar situation, the Diocese of Tucson, Arizona, also in bankruptcy since last year, will separately incorporate its 74 parishes to shield them from liquidation, according to Tucson's Eyewitness News 4.
Tucson, Arizona. Information: 7701 East Kellogg, Suite 625, Wichita, KS 67207 USA, 316-684-5500, Internet: http://www.aaem.com/annual_ meeting.htm
Hamachek lives in Portland, Oregon and Tucson, Arizona, two of my favorite places.
Herd, CRB, CRS, GRI holds both a California and an Arizona real estate broker's licence and over the course of his more than 30 years as a professional real estate career has been a salesperson, broker/owner, branch manager, and regional manager for some of the largest real estate companies in the San Francisco Bay area and Tucson, Arizona. Currently he is a branch manager for Coldwell Banker Success Southwest in Tucson.
KAREN STUPPLES and Laura Davies hit the birdie trail to set up an all-English weekend showdown in the Welch's/Fry's Championship at Dell Ulrich in Tucson, Arizona.
Golf: Karen Stupples and Laura Davies continued to show some great early season form in the opening event of the American season at the Welch's/Fry's Championship in Tucson, Arizona.
"They have excellent infrastructure and with so many companies raider one roof it's easy to exchange ideas and explore business opportunities," says Paulo Viera with Modular Mining Systems, a software company from Tucson, Arizona, which furnishes operating systems to Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD), the world's largest iron-ore producer.
The November schedule includes stops in Tucson, Arizona, and Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Berkeley, and Cupertino, California.
In his new position, Contreras will retain responsibility of PNI and will assume oversight responsibilities for the Arizona Daily Star and Pulitzer's interest in TNI Partner, the Company's newspaper agency partnership in Tucson, Arizona.
FIRST MAGNUS FINANCIAL CORPORATION, Tucson, Arizona, has registered the 15 millionth loan on Vienna, Virginia--based MERS Inc.'s MERS[R] System.
The current state of the VC environment was discussed at the 32nd annual meeting of the National Association of Investment Companies (NAIC), held at the Omni Tucson National Golf Resort and Spa in Tucson, Arizona, in October.