Tudor Arghezi


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Arghezi, Tudor

 

(pseudonym of Ion Teodorescu). Born May 21, 1880, in Bucharest; died July 14, 1967, in Bucharest. Rumanian poet and academician.

In his youth Arghezi changed occupations many times. He became a monk but then left the monastery and lived in Switzerland for a long time. He began systematic literary work in 1904. In his poems—published in the collections Fitted Words, 1927; Flowers of Mold, 1931; Springtime Medallions, 1936; Seven Songs with Closed Mouth, 1939; and others—he affirmed the value of the human personality and its active, creative basis. He wrote anticlerical and anti-bourgeois pamphlets—the collections Wooden Icons, 1930; At the Black Gate, 1930; and Notes from the Country of Kuty, 1933. In 1943, Arghezi was arrested because of his pamphlet Baron, which was directed against Hitler’s Germany. The social and satirical elements in his creative work were clearly embodied in the cycle of poems entitled 1907 (1955), which was devoted to the most important peasant uprising in Rumania and which sung the praises of the people. Humanistic and constructive tendencies are also to be found in Arghezi’s cycled Song to Man (1955), which was awarded the State Prize of the Rumanian Socialist Republic in 1955.

WORKS

Scrieri, vols. 1–20. Bucharest, 1962–68.
Lume veche, lume nouă. Bucharest, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. stikhi. Moscow, 1960.

REFERENCE

Micu, D. Opera lui Tudor Arghezi. [Bucharest,] 1965.

IU. A. KOZHEVNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Der Dichter und Publizist Tudor Arghezi (1880-1967) gehort zu jenen, die der nationale Mythos zu Vaterlandsverratern und Dissidenten stempelte, weil er nicht nur den Mittelmachten nach Sarajevo kulturell und zivilisatorisch ein selbstverstandliches Recht vor Serbien zusprach, sondern auch die Paradoxie ironisierte, dass sich Rumanien fur die Entente entschied, obwohl das die Allianz mit Russland bedeutete, mit einem Staat, der die Rumanen in Bessarabien unterdruckte.
Manche akzeptierten sofort die Zusammenarbeit, wie zum Beispiel Mihail Sadoveanu und George Calinescu, manche verhielten sich abwartend, bis sie schliesslich doch nachgaben, wie etwa Tudor Arghezi oder Camil Petrescu.
Tudor Arghezi (1880-1967) Revengeful and money-loving character.
Tudor Arghezi, Gheorghe Asachi, Aurel Baranga, Ioan A.
Dimkovska has so far authored a number of literary works that have been translated into English, German, Slovenian, Polish, Slovak, Bulgarian and Romanian and for which she has won a number of international awards, including the German Hubert Burda Poetry Award, and the Romanian literature prizes Poesis and Tudor Arghezi, and was nominated for the German Berlin Bridge Prize.
In a parody of contrasts, Ionesco arranged Non in two equal parts: 'Moi, Tudor Arghezi, Ion Barbu et Camil Petrescu' and 'Faux itineraire critique'.
Tudor Arghezi or the provincial would-be Baudelaire
Sadly, this was not the first time an academic had turned up for work the worse for wear at the Tudor Arghezi high school in Carbunesti, Romania.
Among the writers represented are Tudor Arghezi, Josif Brodskij, Mihai Eminescu, Constantin Frosin, Roberto Pasanisi in poetry; Gianni Bartocci and Jean-Michel Maulpoix in fiction; Luciano Caruso, Constantin Frosin, Benone Pusca, and Eugen Simion in essays.
The American critic, poet, and university professor Thomas Amherst Perry has included in his recent book of poetry From These Roots and Other Poems a number of English translations from Tudor Arghezi and Ion Barbu.
Selected Poems of Tudor Arghezi was published in 1976.
Very early he published in Romania a few little volumes of poetry, not known in Germany, whose verses were borrowed from the great poet Tudor Arghezi.