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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born 1608 in Dehu, near Poona, Maharashtra; died 1649. Indian Vishnuite poet.

Tukaram wrote in Marathi. A wandering poet and preacher, he was persecuted by the priesthood for proclaiming the equality of all men before god and for attacking orthodox religion. He developed the lyric genre of the abhang, a short lyric that depicted the life of the working people and the cruelty of the foreign rulers of Maharashtra. Tukaram’s aphoristic abhangs used colloquial language; many of them became proverbs and sayings.


Tukarama. A Complete Collection of the Poems of Tukarama. Bombay, 1869.


Lamshukov, V. Maratkhskaia literatura. Moscow, 1970.
Divekar, H. R. Sant Tukaram. Allahabad, 1950.
Tulpule, G. V. Sakshatkarpathavar Tukaram. Sangli, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Hyderabad (Telangana) [India], July 28 (ANI): The 21-year-old Amgoth Tukaram scaled Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in the European continent and the most prominent peak in the world.
Those sworn in are M B Patil, Satish Jarkiholi, R B Thimmapur, C S Shivalli, P T Parameshwar Naik, E Tukaram, Rahim Khan and M T B Nagaraj.
Solapur district magistrate Tukaram Munde on Thursday suspended the deputy engineer of the water resource department.
Other members of the Committee are A Arunmozhithevan, Ninong Ering, Sher Singh Ghubaya, Hemant Tukaram Godse, Pralhad Joshi, Bhagatsingh Koshyari, Arjun Ram Meghwal, Bhartruhari Mahtab, Kariya Munda, Jayshreeben Patel, Malla Reddy, Sumedhanand Saraswati and Bhola Singh.
Chandrakant Kulkarni is the director of this touching humanitarian story and has teamed up again with renowned music director Ashok Patki and writers Ajit and Prashant Dalvi following success in 'Bindhst', 'Bhet', 'Kaydyacha Bola', 'Kadachit' and 'Tukaram'.
Mumbai Vaishali Ombale, daughter of police constable Tukaram Ombale, who took all the bullets on him to catch Ajmal Kasab, the only terrorist to be captured alive in the terror attack, is filled with pride at her father's bravery.
While Sena's Tukaram Renge-Patil from Parbhani has not come out in public since last Friday, BJP's Haribhau Rathod from Yeotmal faces the flak of party bosses.
These pilgrims, called 'warkaris', accompany a procession of palanquins (palkhi) of nearly 50 saints from Maharashtra--the Bhakti movement saints, Dnyaneshwar and Tukaram, being two of the most prominent.The procession starts from Dehu, near Pune, in the Hindu calendar month of Jyeshth (roughly, June) and lasts a total of 22 days.
Her absolute devotion to God and her guru, the famous bhakti mystic Tukaram, gains her the praise of others but further antagonizes her husband.
The meeting will be co-chaired by Hisamitsu Arai, vice minister for international affairs at Japan's trade ministry, and Sudhir Tukaram Devare, India's vice foreign minister in charge of economic affairs.