Tulchin

Tulchin

(to͞ol`chĭn), city, SW Ukraine, on the Selnitsa River. It is the center of an agricultural district and has food-processing, clothing, and shoe industries. Probably founded by Hungarians, it later became a Polish fortress. After the battles between the Poles and Chmielnicki's Cossacks, it was assigned by the Treaty of Zborov (1649) to Ukraine. It reverted to Polish rule in 1654 but passed to Russia during the second partition of Poland in 1793. In 1821 the city became the stronghold of the Decembrists. An alternate spelling is Tultchin.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tul’chin

 

a city and administrative center of Tul’chin Raion, Vinnitsa Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located on the Sel’nitsa River, a tributary of the Iuzhnyi Bug, 13 km from the Zhuravlevka railroad station on the Vapniarka-Zhmerinka line. Population, 14,600 (1975).

Tul’chin became known in 1607 as the Polish fortress of Nes-terwar in Braclaw Województwo. In 1649 it became a village and acquired its present name. From 1672 to 1699 it was under Turkish rule, and in the second half of the 18th century it belonged to the Potocki magnates of Poland. In 1792 it was the residence of the Confederation of Targowica, and in 1793 it became part of the Russian Empire. From 1795 to 1804 it was a district center of Podol’sk Province, but lost its status in 1804 and reverted to the status of a village. From 1796 to 1797, Tul’chin was the headquarters of A. V. Suvorov. In 1818 the Tul’chin Council of the Union of Welfare was formed there, and in 1823 the council became the center of the Southern Society of Decembrists. Soviet power was established in Tul’chin in January 1918. Tul’chin was repeatedly seized by interventionists and by Petliura’s and Denikin’s troops. It was finally liberated by the Red Army in June 1920. Tul’chin became a city in 1926 and part of Vinnitsa Oblast in 1932. From July 23, 1941, through Mar. 15, 1944, it was occupied by fascist German and Rumanian troops. In the postwar years the city’s industrial enterprises were restored.

Industry in Tul’chin includes a meat-packing plant, a bread-baking combine, a cannery, a creamery, and footwear and garment factories. The city has a veterinary technicum and a cultural and educational school. The P. I. Pestel’ Museum and a museum of local lore are located in Tul’chin.

REFERENCE

Tul’chyns’kyi krieznavchyi muzei: Putivnyk. Odessa, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Sholem Aleichem's writing, the Jews' anxious hopes for the arrival of "Cossacks from Tulchin" is ironic; Tulchin was one of the Ukrainian shtetls where Jews had been massacred during the seventeenth-century Zaporozhian Cossack uprising.
(1) Scholar Joseph Tulchin goes a step further, reminding us that Argentina would go so far as adopting diplomatic positions that were otherwise detrimental to its political fortunes simply to showcase its autonomy.
"1 de mayo en Tulchin: biografia y extravio" resulta un testimonio en acto de lo que Pereira define como "biografia en proceso".
In a 2016 poll of 600 registered voters financed by Defenders of Wildlife, Tulchin Research found that 80 percent of respondents were in favor of helping the bears recover and 13 percent opposed it.
In California, one recent poll found that 60% of the state's voters would give public school teachers a letter grade of A or B for their teaching, and 77% believe the state should "spend more on schools" (Tulchin Research & Moore Information, 2016).
The founding treaty served three major goals related to security and development that each of the member states felt unsure of attaining individually: the consolidation of democracy (Fournier 1999), the need to cooperate in a period of formation of regional blocks (Tulchin and Espach 2001) after the failure of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, and the need to stabilize the economy after the decade of debt crisis (Edwards 1995).
For State's relationship to Hoover and Commerce, see DeNovo, American Interests, 186; and Tulchin, Aftermath of War, 129-31.
His opponent, Canepa, was leading in August survey done and released by Tulchin Research, showing Canepa increasing his share to 49 percent of the vote (from the 46 percent in the primary).